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/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
*
* vacuumdb
*
* Portions Copyright (c) 1996-2020, PostgreSQL Global Development Group
* Portions Copyright (c) 1994, Regents of the University of California
*
* src/bin/scripts/vacuumdb.c
*
*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
*/
#include "postgres_fe.h"
#include "catalog/pg_class_d.h"
#include "common.h"
#include "common/logging.h"
#include "fe_utils/cancel.h"
#include "fe_utils/connect.h"
#include "fe_utils/simple_list.h"
#include "fe_utils/string_utils.h"
#include "scripts_parallel.h"
/* vacuum options controlled by user flags */
typedef struct vacuumingOptions
{
bool analyze_only;
bool verbose;
bool and_analyze;
bool full;
bool freeze;
bool disable_page_skipping;
bool skip_locked;
int min_xid_age;
int min_mxid_age;
int parallel_workers; /* >= 0 indicates user specified the
* parallel degree, otherwise -1 */
} vacuumingOptions;
static void vacuum_one_database(const char *dbname, vacuumingOptions *vacopts,
int stage,
SimpleStringList *tables,
const char *host, const char *port,
const char *username, enum trivalue prompt_password,
int concurrentCons,
const char *progname, bool echo, bool quiet);
static void vacuum_all_databases(vacuumingOptions *vacopts,
bool analyze_in_stages,
const char *maintenance_db,
const char *host, const char *port,
const char *username, enum trivalue prompt_password,
int concurrentCons,
const char *progname, bool echo, bool quiet);
static void prepare_vacuum_command(PQExpBuffer sql, int serverVersion,
vacuumingOptions *vacopts, const char *table);
static void run_vacuum_command(PGconn *conn, const char *sql, bool echo,
const char *table);
static void help(const char *progname);
/* For analyze-in-stages mode */
#define ANALYZE_NO_STAGE -1
#define ANALYZE_NUM_STAGES 3
int
main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
static struct option long_options[] = {
{"host", required_argument, NULL, 'h'},
{"port", required_argument, NULL, 'p'},
{"username", required_argument, NULL, 'U'},
{"no-password", no_argument, NULL, 'w'},
{"password", no_argument, NULL, 'W'},
{"echo", no_argument, NULL, 'e'},
{"quiet", no_argument, NULL, 'q'},
{"dbname", required_argument, NULL, 'd'},
{"analyze", no_argument, NULL, 'z'},
{"analyze-only", no_argument, NULL, 'Z'},
{"freeze", no_argument, NULL, 'F'},
{"all", no_argument, NULL, 'a'},
{"table", required_argument, NULL, 't'},
{"full", no_argument, NULL, 'f'},
{"verbose", no_argument, NULL, 'v'},
{"jobs", required_argument, NULL, 'j'},
{"parallel", required_argument, NULL, 'P'},
{"maintenance-db", required_argument, NULL, 2},
{"analyze-in-stages", no_argument, NULL, 3},
{"disable-page-skipping", no_argument, NULL, 4},
{"skip-locked", no_argument, NULL, 5},
{"min-xid-age", required_argument, NULL, 6},
{"min-mxid-age", required_argument, NULL, 7},
{NULL, 0, NULL, 0}
};
const char *progname;
int optindex;
int c;
const char *dbname = NULL;
const char *maintenance_db = NULL;
char *host = NULL;
char *port = NULL;
char *username = NULL;
enum trivalue prompt_password = TRI_DEFAULT;
bool echo = false;
bool quiet = false;
vacuumingOptions vacopts;
bool analyze_in_stages = false;
bool alldb = false;
SimpleStringList tables = {NULL, NULL};
int concurrentCons = 1;
int tbl_count = 0;
/* initialize options to all false */
memset(&vacopts, 0, sizeof(vacopts));
vacopts.parallel_workers = -1;
pg_logging_init(argv[0]);
progname = get_progname(argv[0]);
set_pglocale_pgservice(argv[0], PG_TEXTDOMAIN("pgscripts"));
handle_help_version_opts(argc, argv, "vacuumdb", help);
while ((c = getopt_long(argc, argv, "h:p:U:wWeqd:zZFat:fvj:P:", long_options, &optindex)) != -1)
{
switch (c)
{
case 'h':
host = pg_strdup(optarg);
break;
case 'p':
port = pg_strdup(optarg);
break;
case 'U':
username = pg_strdup(optarg);
break;
case 'w':
prompt_password = TRI_NO;
break;
case 'W':
prompt_password = TRI_YES;
break;
case 'e':
echo = true;
break;
case 'q':
quiet = true;
break;
case 'd':
dbname = pg_strdup(optarg);
break;
case 'z':
vacopts.and_analyze = true;
break;
case 'Z':
vacopts.analyze_only = true;
break;
case 'F':
vacopts.freeze = true;
break;
case 'a':
alldb = true;
break;
case 't':
{
simple_string_list_append(&tables, optarg);
tbl_count++;
break;
}
case 'f':
vacopts.full = true;
break;
case 'v':
vacopts.verbose = true;
break;
case 'j':
concurrentCons = atoi(optarg);
if (concurrentCons <= 0)
{
pg_log_error("number of parallel jobs must be at least 1");
exit(1);
}
break;
case 'P':
vacopts.parallel_workers = atoi(optarg);
if (vacopts.parallel_workers < 0)
{
pg_log_error("parallel vacuum degree must be a non-negative integer");
exit(1);
}
break;
case 2:
maintenance_db = pg_strdup(optarg);
break;
case 3:
analyze_in_stages = vacopts.analyze_only = true;
break;
case 4:
vacopts.disable_page_skipping = true;
break;
case 5:
vacopts.skip_locked = true;
break;
case 6:
vacopts.min_xid_age = atoi(optarg);
if (vacopts.min_xid_age <= 0)
{
pg_log_error("minimum transaction ID age must be at least 1");
exit(1);
}
break;
case 7:
vacopts.min_mxid_age = atoi(optarg);
if (vacopts.min_mxid_age <= 0)
{
pg_log_error("minimum multixact ID age must be at least 1");
exit(1);
}
break;
default:
fprintf(stderr, _("Try \"%s --help\" for more information.\n"), progname);
exit(1);
}
}
/*
* Non-option argument specifies database name as long as it wasn't
* already specified with -d / --dbname
*/
if (optind < argc && dbname == NULL)
{
dbname = argv[optind];
optind++;
}
if (optind < argc)
{
pg_log_error("too many command-line arguments (first is \"%s\")",
argv[optind]);
fprintf(stderr, _("Try \"%s --help\" for more information.\n"), progname);
exit(1);
}
if (vacopts.analyze_only)
{
if (vacopts.full)
{
pg_log_error("cannot use the \"%s\" option when performing only analyze",
"full");
exit(1);
}
if (vacopts.freeze)
{
pg_log_error("cannot use the \"%s\" option when performing only analyze",
"freeze");
exit(1);
}
if (vacopts.disable_page_skipping)
{
pg_log_error("cannot use the \"%s\" option when performing only analyze",
"disable-page-skipping");
exit(1);
}
/* allow 'and_analyze' with 'analyze_only' */
}
/* Prohibit full and analyze_only options with parallel option */
if (vacopts.parallel_workers >= 0)
{
if (vacopts.analyze_only)
{
pg_log_error("cannot use the \"%s\" option when performing only analyze",
"parallel");
exit(1);
}
if (vacopts.full)
{
pg_log_error("cannot use the \"%s\" option when performing full",
"parallel");
exit(1);
}
}
setup_cancel_handler(NULL);
/* Avoid opening extra connections. */
if (tbl_count && (concurrentCons > tbl_count))
concurrentCons = tbl_count;
if (alldb)
{
if (dbname)
{
pg_log_error("cannot vacuum all databases and a specific one at the same time");
exit(1);
}
if (tables.head != NULL)
{
pg_log_error("cannot vacuum specific table(s) in all databases");
exit(1);
}
vacuum_all_databases(&vacopts,
analyze_in_stages,
maintenance_db,
host, port, username, prompt_password,
concurrentCons,
progname, echo, quiet);
}
else
{
if (dbname == NULL)
{
if (getenv("PGDATABASE"))
dbname = getenv("PGDATABASE");
else if (getenv("PGUSER"))
dbname = getenv("PGUSER");
else
dbname = get_user_name_or_exit(progname);
}
if (analyze_in_stages)
{
int stage;
for (stage = 0; stage < ANALYZE_NUM_STAGES; stage++)
{
vacuum_one_database(dbname, &vacopts,
stage,
&tables,
host, port, username, prompt_password,
concurrentCons,
progname, echo, quiet);
}
}
else
vacuum_one_database(dbname, &vacopts,
ANALYZE_NO_STAGE,
&tables,
host, port, username, prompt_password,
concurrentCons,
progname, echo, quiet);
}
exit(0);
}
/*
* vacuum_one_database
*
* Process tables in the given database. If the 'tables' list is empty,
* process all tables in the database.
*
* Note that this function is only concerned with running exactly one stage
* when in analyze-in-stages mode; caller must iterate on us if necessary.
*
* If concurrentCons is > 1, multiple connections are used to vacuum tables
* in parallel. In this case and if the table list is empty, we first obtain
* a list of tables from the database.
*/
static void
vacuum_one_database(const char *dbname, vacuumingOptions *vacopts,
int stage,
SimpleStringList *tables,
const char *host, const char *port,
const char *username, enum trivalue prompt_password,
int concurrentCons,
const char *progname, bool echo, bool quiet)
{
PQExpBufferData sql;
PQExpBufferData buf;
PQExpBufferData catalog_query;
PGresult *res;
PGconn *conn;
SimpleStringListCell *cell;
ParallelSlot *slots;
SimpleStringList dbtables = {NULL, NULL};
int i;
int ntups;
bool failed = false;
bool parallel = concurrentCons > 1;
bool tables_listed = false;
bool has_where = false;
const char *stage_commands[] = {
"SET default_statistics_target=1; SET vacuum_cost_delay=0;",
"SET default_statistics_target=10; RESET vacuum_cost_delay;",
"RESET default_statistics_target;"
};
const char *stage_messages[] = {
gettext_noop("Generating minimal optimizer statistics (1 target)"),
gettext_noop("Generating medium optimizer statistics (10 targets)"),
gettext_noop("Generating default (full) optimizer statistics")
};
Assert(stage == ANALYZE_NO_STAGE ||
(stage >= 0 && stage < ANALYZE_NUM_STAGES));
conn = connectDatabase(dbname, host, port, username, prompt_password,
progname, echo, false, true);
if (vacopts->disable_page_skipping && PQserverVersion(conn) < 90600)
{
PQfinish(conn);
pg_log_error("cannot use the \"%s\" option on server versions older than PostgreSQL %s",
"disable-page-skipping", "9.6");
exit(1);
}
if (vacopts->skip_locked && PQserverVersion(conn) < 120000)
{
PQfinish(conn);
pg_log_error("cannot use the \"%s\" option on server versions older than PostgreSQL %s",
"skip-locked", "12");
exit(1);
}
if (vacopts->min_xid_age != 0 && PQserverVersion(conn) < 90600)
{
pg_log_error("cannot use the \"%s\" option on server versions older than PostgreSQL %s",
"--min-xid-age", "9.6");
exit(1);
}
if (vacopts->min_mxid_age != 0 && PQserverVersion(conn) < 90600)
{
pg_log_error("cannot use the \"%s\" option on server versions older than PostgreSQL %s",
"--min-mxid-age", "9.6");
exit(1);
}
if (vacopts->parallel_workers >= 0 && PQserverVersion(conn) < 130000)
{
pg_log_error("cannot use the \"%s\" option on server versions older than PostgreSQL %s",
"--parallel", "13");
exit(1);
}
if (!quiet)
{
if (stage != ANALYZE_NO_STAGE)
printf(_("%s: processing database \"%s\": %s\n"),
progname, PQdb(conn), _(stage_messages[stage]));
else
printf(_("%s: vacuuming database \"%s\"\n"),
progname, PQdb(conn));
fflush(stdout);
}
/*
* Prepare the list of tables to process by querying the catalogs.
*
* Since we execute the constructed query with the default search_path
* (which could be unsafe), everything in this query MUST be fully
* qualified.
*
* First, build a WITH clause for the catalog query if any tables were
* specified, with a set of values made of relation names and their
* optional set of columns. This is used to match any provided column
* lists with the generated qualified identifiers and to filter for the
* tables provided via --table. If a listed table does not exist, the
* catalog query will fail.
*/
initPQExpBuffer(&catalog_query);
for (cell = tables ? tables->head : NULL; cell; cell = cell->next)
{
char *just_table;
const char *just_columns;
/*
* Split relation and column names given by the user, this is used to
* feed the CTE with values on which are performed pre-run validity
* checks as well. For now these happen only on the relation name.
*/
splitTableColumnsSpec(cell->val, PQclientEncoding(conn),
&just_table, &just_columns);
if (!tables_listed)
{
appendPQExpBufferStr(&catalog_query,
"WITH listed_tables (table_oid, column_list) "
"AS (\n VALUES (");
tables_listed = true;
}
else
appendPQExpBufferStr(&catalog_query, ",\n (");
appendStringLiteralConn(&catalog_query, just_table, conn);
appendPQExpBufferStr(&catalog_query, "::pg_catalog.regclass, ");
if (just_columns && just_columns[0] != '\0')
appendStringLiteralConn(&catalog_query, just_columns, conn);
else
appendPQExpBufferStr(&catalog_query, "NULL");
appendPQExpBufferStr(&catalog_query, "::pg_catalog.text)");
pg_free(just_table);
}
/* Finish formatting the CTE */
if (tables_listed)
appendPQExpBufferStr(&catalog_query, "\n)\n");
appendPQExpBufferStr(&catalog_query, "SELECT c.relname, ns.nspname");
if (tables_listed)
appendPQExpBufferStr(&catalog_query, ", listed_tables.column_list");
appendPQExpBufferStr(&catalog_query,
" FROM pg_catalog.pg_class c\n"
" JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace ns"
" ON c.relnamespace OPERATOR(pg_catalog.=) ns.oid\n"
" LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_class t"
" ON c.reltoastrelid OPERATOR(pg_catalog.=) t.oid\n");
/* Used to match the tables listed by the user */
if (tables_listed)
appendPQExpBufferStr(&catalog_query, " JOIN listed_tables"
" ON listed_tables.table_oid OPERATOR(pg_catalog.=) c.oid\n");
/*
* If no tables were listed, filter for the relevant relation types. If
* tables were given via --table, don't bother filtering by relation type.
* Instead, let the server decide whether a given relation can be
* processed in which case the user will know about it.
*/
if (!tables_listed)
{
appendPQExpBufferStr(&catalog_query, " WHERE c.relkind OPERATOR(pg_catalog.=) ANY (array["
CppAsString2(RELKIND_RELATION) ", "
CppAsString2(RELKIND_MATVIEW) "])\n");
has_where = true;
}
/*
* For --min-xid-age and --min-mxid-age, the age of the relation is the
* greatest of the ages of the main relation and its associated TOAST
* table. The commands generated by vacuumdb will also process the TOAST
* table for the relation if necessary, so it does not need to be
* considered separately.
*/
if (vacopts->min_xid_age != 0)
{
appendPQExpBuffer(&catalog_query,
" %s GREATEST(pg_catalog.age(c.relfrozenxid),"
" pg_catalog.age(t.relfrozenxid)) "
" OPERATOR(pg_catalog.>=) '%d'::pg_catalog.int4\n"
" AND c.relfrozenxid OPERATOR(pg_catalog.!=)"
" '0'::pg_catalog.xid\n",
has_where ? "AND" : "WHERE", vacopts->min_xid_age);
has_where = true;
}
if (vacopts->min_mxid_age != 0)
{
appendPQExpBuffer(&catalog_query,
" %s GREATEST(pg_catalog.mxid_age(c.relminmxid),"
" pg_catalog.mxid_age(t.relminmxid)) OPERATOR(pg_catalog.>=)"
" '%d'::pg_catalog.int4\n"
" AND c.relminmxid OPERATOR(pg_catalog.!=)"
" '0'::pg_catalog.xid\n",
has_where ? "AND" : "WHERE", vacopts->min_mxid_age);
has_where = true;
}
/*
* Execute the catalog query. We use the default search_path for this
* query for consistency with table lookups done elsewhere by the user.
*/
appendPQExpBufferStr(&catalog_query, " ORDER BY c.relpages DESC;");
executeCommand(conn, "RESET search_path;", echo);
res = executeQuery(conn, catalog_query.data, echo);
termPQExpBuffer(&catalog_query);
PQclear(executeQuery(conn, ALWAYS_SECURE_SEARCH_PATH_SQL, echo));
/*
* If no rows are returned, there are no matching tables, so we are done.
*/
ntups = PQntuples(res);
if (ntups == 0)
{
PQclear(res);
PQfinish(conn);
return;
}
/*
* Build qualified identifiers for each table, including the column list
* if given.
*/
initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
for (i = 0; i < ntups; i++)
{
appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
fmtQualifiedId(PQgetvalue(res, i, 1),
PQgetvalue(res, i, 0)));
if (tables_listed && !PQgetisnull(res, i, 2))
appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, PQgetvalue(res, i, 2));
simple_string_list_append(&dbtables, buf.data);
resetPQExpBuffer(&buf);
}
termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
PQclear(res);
/*
* If there are more connections than vacuumable relations, we don't need
* to use them all.
*/
if (parallel)
{
if (concurrentCons > ntups)
concurrentCons = ntups;
if (concurrentCons <= 1)
parallel = false;
}
/*
* Setup the database connections. We reuse the connection we already have
* for the first slot. If not in parallel mode, the first slot in the
* array contains the connection.
*/
if (concurrentCons <= 0)
concurrentCons = 1;
slots = ParallelSlotsSetup(dbname, host, port, username, prompt_password,
progname, echo, conn, concurrentCons);
/*
* Prepare all the connections to run the appropriate analyze stage, if
* caller requested that mode.
*/
if (stage != ANALYZE_NO_STAGE)
{
int j;
/* We already emitted the message above */
for (j = 0; j < concurrentCons; j++)
executeCommand((slots + j)->connection,
stage_commands[stage], echo);
}
initPQExpBuffer(&sql);
cell = dbtables.head;
do
{
const char *tabname = cell->val;
ParallelSlot *free_slot;
if (CancelRequested)
{
failed = true;
goto finish;
}
free_slot = ParallelSlotsGetIdle(slots, concurrentCons);
if (!free_slot)
{
failed = true;
goto finish;
}
prepare_vacuum_command(&sql, PQserverVersion(free_slot->connection),
vacopts, tabname);
/*
* Execute the vacuum. All errors are handled in processQueryResult
* through ParallelSlotsGetIdle.
*/
run_vacuum_command(free_slot->connection, sql.data,
echo, tabname);
cell = cell->next;
} while (cell != NULL);
if (!ParallelSlotsWaitCompletion(slots, concurrentCons))
failed = true;
finish:
ParallelSlotsTerminate(slots, concurrentCons);
pg_free(slots);
termPQExpBuffer(&sql);
if (failed)
exit(1);
}
/*
* Vacuum/analyze all connectable databases.
*
* In analyze-in-stages mode, we process all databases in one stage before
* moving on to the next stage. That ensure minimal stats are available
* quickly everywhere before generating more detailed ones.
*/
static void
vacuum_all_databases(vacuumingOptions *vacopts,
bool analyze_in_stages,
const char *maintenance_db, const char *host,
const char *port, const char *username,
enum trivalue prompt_password,
int concurrentCons,
const char *progname, bool echo, bool quiet)
{
PGconn *conn;
PGresult *result;
PQExpBufferData connstr;
int stage;
int i;
conn = connectMaintenanceDatabase(maintenance_db, host, port, username,
prompt_password, progname, echo);
result = executeQuery(conn,
"SELECT datname FROM pg_database WHERE datallowconn ORDER BY 1;",
echo);
PQfinish(conn);
initPQExpBuffer(&connstr);
if (analyze_in_stages)
{
/*
* When analyzing all databases in stages, we analyze them all in the
* fastest stage first, so that initial statistics become available
* for all of them as soon as possible.
*
* This means we establish several times as many connections, but
* that's a secondary consideration.
*/
for (stage = 0; stage < ANALYZE_NUM_STAGES; stage++)
{
for (i = 0; i < PQntuples(result); i++)
{
resetPQExpBuffer(&connstr);
appendPQExpBufferStr(&connstr, "dbname=");
appendConnStrVal(&connstr, PQgetvalue(result, i, 0));
vacuum_one_database(connstr.data, vacopts,
stage,
NULL,
host, port, username, prompt_password,
concurrentCons,
progname, echo, quiet);
}
}
}
else
{
for (i = 0; i < PQntuples(result); i++)
{
resetPQExpBuffer(&connstr);
appendPQExpBufferStr(&connstr, "dbname=");
appendConnStrVal(&connstr, PQgetvalue(result, i, 0));
vacuum_one_database(connstr.data, vacopts,
ANALYZE_NO_STAGE,
NULL,
host, port, username, prompt_password,
concurrentCons,
progname, echo, quiet);
}
}
termPQExpBuffer(&connstr);
PQclear(result);
}
/*
* Construct a vacuum/analyze command to run based on the given options, in the
* given string buffer, which may contain previous garbage.
*
* The table name used must be already properly quoted. The command generated
* depends on the server version involved and it is semicolon-terminated.
*/
static void
prepare_vacuum_command(PQExpBuffer sql, int serverVersion,
vacuumingOptions *vacopts, const char *table)
{
const char *paren = " (";
const char *comma = ", ";
const char *sep = paren;
resetPQExpBuffer(sql);
if (vacopts->analyze_only)
{
appendPQExpBufferStr(sql, "ANALYZE");
/* parenthesized grammar of ANALYZE is supported since v11 */
if (serverVersion >= 110000)
{
if (vacopts->skip_locked)
{
/* SKIP_LOCKED is supported since v12 */
Assert(serverVersion >= 120000);
appendPQExpBuffer(sql, "%sSKIP_LOCKED", sep);
sep = comma;
}
if (vacopts->verbose)
{
appendPQExpBuffer(sql, "%sVERBOSE", sep);
sep = comma;
}
if (sep != paren)
appendPQExpBufferChar(sql, ')');
}
else
{
if (vacopts->verbose)
appendPQExpBufferStr(sql, " VERBOSE");
}
}
else
{
appendPQExpBufferStr(sql, "VACUUM");
/* parenthesized grammar of VACUUM is supported since v9.0 */
if (serverVersion >= 90000)
{
if (vacopts->disable_page_skipping)
{
/* DISABLE_PAGE_SKIPPING is supported since v9.6 */
Assert(serverVersion >= 90600);
appendPQExpBuffer(sql, "%sDISABLE_PAGE_SKIPPING", sep);
sep = comma;
}
if (vacopts->skip_locked)
{
/* SKIP_LOCKED is supported since v12 */
Assert(serverVersion >= 120000);
appendPQExpBuffer(sql, "%sSKIP_LOCKED", sep);
sep = comma;
}
if (vacopts->full)
{
appendPQExpBuffer(sql, "%sFULL", sep);
sep = comma;
}
if (vacopts->freeze)
{
appendPQExpBuffer(sql, "%sFREEZE", sep);
sep = comma;
}
if (vacopts->verbose)
{
appendPQExpBuffer(sql, "%sVERBOSE", sep);
sep = comma;
}
if (vacopts->and_analyze)
{
appendPQExpBuffer(sql, "%sANALYZE", sep);
sep = comma;
}
if (vacopts->parallel_workers >= 0)
{
/* PARALLEL is supported since v13 */
Assert(serverVersion >= 130000);
appendPQExpBuffer(sql, "%sPARALLEL %d", sep,
vacopts->parallel_workers);
sep = comma;
}
if (sep != paren)
appendPQExpBufferChar(sql, ')');
}
else
{
if (vacopts->full)
appendPQExpBufferStr(sql, " FULL");
if (vacopts->freeze)
appendPQExpBufferStr(sql, " FREEZE");
if (vacopts->verbose)
appendPQExpBufferStr(sql, " VERBOSE");
if (vacopts->and_analyze)
appendPQExpBufferStr(sql, " ANALYZE");
}
}
appendPQExpBuffer(sql, " %s;", table);
}
/*
* Send a vacuum/analyze command to the server, returning after sending the
* command.
*
* Any errors during command execution are reported to stderr.
*/
static void
run_vacuum_command(PGconn *conn, const char *sql, bool echo,
const char *table)
{
bool status;
if (echo)
printf("%s\n", sql);
status = PQsendQuery(conn, sql) == 1;
if (!status)
{
if (table)
pg_log_error("vacuuming of table \"%s\" in database \"%s\" failed: %s",
table, PQdb(conn), PQerrorMessage(conn));
else
pg_log_error("vacuuming of database \"%s\" failed: %s",
PQdb(conn), PQerrorMessage(conn));
}
}
static void
help(const char *progname)
{
printf(_("%s cleans and analyzes a PostgreSQL database.\n\n"), progname);
printf(_("Usage:\n"));
printf(_(" %s [OPTION]... [DBNAME]\n"), progname);
printf(_("\nOptions:\n"));
printf(_(" -a, --all vacuum all databases\n"));
printf(_(" -d, --dbname=DBNAME database to vacuum\n"));
printf(_(" --disable-page-skipping disable all page-skipping behavior\n"));
printf(_(" -e, --echo show the commands being sent to the server\n"));
printf(_(" -f, --full do full vacuuming\n"));
printf(_(" -F, --freeze freeze row transaction information\n"));
printf(_(" -j, --jobs=NUM use this many concurrent connections to vacuum\n"));
printf(_(" --min-mxid-age=MXID_AGE minimum multixact ID age of tables to vacuum\n"));
printf(_(" --min-xid-age=XID_AGE minimum transaction ID age of tables to vacuum\n"));
printf(_(" -P, --parallel=PARALLEL_DEGREE use this many background workers for vacuum, if available\n"));
printf(_(" -q, --quiet don't write any messages\n"));
printf(_(" --skip-locked skip relations that cannot be immediately locked\n"));
printf(_(" -t, --table='TABLE[(COLUMNS)]' vacuum specific table(s) only\n"));
printf(_(" -v, --verbose write a lot of output\n"));
printf(_(" -V, --version output version information, then exit\n"));
printf(_(" -z, --analyze update optimizer statistics\n"));
printf(_(" -Z, --analyze-only only update optimizer statistics; no vacuum\n"));
printf(_(" --analyze-in-stages only update optimizer statistics, in multiple\n"
" stages for faster results; no vacuum\n"));
printf(_(" -?, --help show this help, then exit\n"));
printf(_("\nConnection options:\n"));
printf(_(" -h, --host=HOSTNAME database server host or socket directory\n"));
printf(_(" -p, --port=PORT database server port\n"));
printf(_(" -U, --username=USERNAME user name to connect as\n"));
printf(_(" -w, --no-password never prompt for password\n"));
printf(_(" -W, --password force password prompt\n"));
printf(_(" --maintenance-db=DBNAME alternate maintenance database\n"));
printf(_("\nRead the description of the SQL command VACUUM for details.\n"));
printf(_("\nReport bugs to <%s>.\n"), PACKAGE_BUGREPORT);
printf(_("%s home page: <%s>\n"), PACKAGE_NAME, PACKAGE_URL);
}