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/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
*
* reindexdb
*
* Portions Copyright (c) 1996-2020, PostgreSQL Global Development Group
*
* src/bin/scripts/reindexdb.c
*
*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
*/
#include "postgres_fe.h"
#include "catalog/pg_class_d.h"
#include "common.h"
#include "common/logging.h"
#include "fe_utils/cancel.h"
#include "fe_utils/connect.h"
#include "fe_utils/simple_list.h"
#include "fe_utils/string_utils.h"
#include "scripts_parallel.h"
typedef enum ReindexType
{
REINDEX_DATABASE,
REINDEX_INDEX,
REINDEX_SCHEMA,
REINDEX_SYSTEM,
REINDEX_TABLE
} ReindexType;
static SimpleStringList *get_parallel_object_list(PGconn *conn,
ReindexType type,
SimpleStringList *user_list,
bool echo);
static void reindex_one_database(const char *dbname, ReindexType type,
SimpleStringList *user_list, const char *host,
const char *port, const char *username,
enum trivalue prompt_password, const char *progname,
bool echo, bool verbose, bool concurrently,
int concurrentCons);
static void reindex_all_databases(const char *maintenance_db,
const char *host, const char *port,
const char *username, enum trivalue prompt_password,
const char *progname, bool echo,
bool quiet, bool verbose, bool concurrently,
int concurrentCons);
static void run_reindex_command(PGconn *conn, ReindexType type,
const char *name, bool echo, bool verbose,
bool concurrently, bool async);
static void help(const char *progname);
int
main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
static struct option long_options[] = {
{"host", required_argument, NULL, 'h'},
{"port", required_argument, NULL, 'p'},
{"username", required_argument, NULL, 'U'},
{"no-password", no_argument, NULL, 'w'},
{"password", no_argument, NULL, 'W'},
{"echo", no_argument, NULL, 'e'},
{"quiet", no_argument, NULL, 'q'},
{"schema", required_argument, NULL, 'S'},
{"dbname", required_argument, NULL, 'd'},
{"all", no_argument, NULL, 'a'},
{"system", no_argument, NULL, 's'},
{"table", required_argument, NULL, 't'},
{"index", required_argument, NULL, 'i'},
{"jobs", required_argument, NULL, 'j'},
{"verbose", no_argument, NULL, 'v'},
{"concurrently", no_argument, NULL, 1},
{"maintenance-db", required_argument, NULL, 2},
{NULL, 0, NULL, 0}
};
const char *progname;
int optindex;
int c;
const char *dbname = NULL;
const char *maintenance_db = NULL;
const char *host = NULL;
const char *port = NULL;
const char *username = NULL;
enum trivalue prompt_password = TRI_DEFAULT;
bool syscatalog = false;
bool alldb = false;
bool echo = false;
bool quiet = false;
bool verbose = false;
bool concurrently = false;
SimpleStringList indexes = {NULL, NULL};
SimpleStringList tables = {NULL, NULL};
SimpleStringList schemas = {NULL, NULL};
int concurrentCons = 1;
pg_logging_init(argv[0]);
progname = get_progname(argv[0]);
set_pglocale_pgservice(argv[0], PG_TEXTDOMAIN("pgscripts"));
handle_help_version_opts(argc, argv, "reindexdb", help);
/* process command-line options */
while ((c = getopt_long(argc, argv, "h:p:U:wWeqS:d:ast:i:j:v", long_options, &optindex)) != -1)
{
switch (c)
{
case 'h':
host = pg_strdup(optarg);
break;
case 'p':
port = pg_strdup(optarg);
break;
case 'U':
username = pg_strdup(optarg);
break;
case 'w':
prompt_password = TRI_NO;
break;
case 'W':
prompt_password = TRI_YES;
break;
case 'e':
echo = true;
break;
case 'q':
quiet = true;
break;
case 'S':
simple_string_list_append(&schemas, optarg);
break;
case 'd':
dbname = pg_strdup(optarg);
break;
case 'a':
alldb = true;
break;
case 's':
syscatalog = true;
break;
case 't':
simple_string_list_append(&tables, optarg);
break;
case 'i':
simple_string_list_append(&indexes, optarg);
break;
case 'j':
concurrentCons = atoi(optarg);
if (concurrentCons <= 0)
{
pg_log_error("number of parallel jobs must be at least 1");
exit(1);
}
break;
case 'v':
verbose = true;
break;
case 1:
concurrently = true;
break;
case 2:
maintenance_db = pg_strdup(optarg);
break;
default:
fprintf(stderr, _("Try \"%s --help\" for more information.\n"), progname);
exit(1);
}
}
/*
* Non-option argument specifies database name as long as it wasn't
* already specified with -d / --dbname
*/
if (optind < argc && dbname == NULL)
{
dbname = argv[optind];
optind++;
}
if (optind < argc)
{
pg_log_error("too many command-line arguments (first is \"%s\")",
argv[optind]);
fprintf(stderr, _("Try \"%s --help\" for more information.\n"), progname);
exit(1);
}
setup_cancel_handler(NULL);
if (alldb)
{
if (dbname)
{
pg_log_error("cannot reindex all databases and a specific one at the same time");
exit(1);
}
if (syscatalog)
{
pg_log_error("cannot reindex all databases and system catalogs at the same time");
exit(1);
}
if (schemas.head != NULL)
{
pg_log_error("cannot reindex specific schema(s) in all databases");
exit(1);
}
if (tables.head != NULL)
{
pg_log_error("cannot reindex specific table(s) in all databases");
exit(1);
}
if (indexes.head != NULL)
{
pg_log_error("cannot reindex specific index(es) in all databases");
exit(1);
}
reindex_all_databases(maintenance_db, host, port, username,
prompt_password, progname, echo, quiet, verbose,
concurrently, concurrentCons);
}
else if (syscatalog)
{
if (schemas.head != NULL)
{
pg_log_error("cannot reindex specific schema(s) and system catalogs at the same time");
exit(1);
}
if (tables.head != NULL)
{
pg_log_error("cannot reindex specific table(s) and system catalogs at the same time");
exit(1);
}
if (indexes.head != NULL)
{
pg_log_error("cannot reindex specific index(es) and system catalogs at the same time");
exit(1);
}
if (concurrentCons > 1)
{
pg_log_error("cannot use multiple jobs to reindex system catalogs");
exit(1);
}
if (dbname == NULL)
{
if (getenv("PGDATABASE"))
dbname = getenv("PGDATABASE");
else if (getenv("PGUSER"))
dbname = getenv("PGUSER");
else
dbname = get_user_name_or_exit(progname);
}
reindex_one_database(dbname, REINDEX_SYSTEM, NULL, host,
port, username, prompt_password, progname,
echo, verbose, concurrently, 1);
}
else
{
/*
* Index-level REINDEX is not supported with multiple jobs as we
* cannot control the concurrent processing of multiple indexes
* depending on the same relation.
*/
if (concurrentCons > 1 && indexes.head != NULL)
{
pg_log_error("cannot use multiple jobs to reindex indexes");
exit(1);
}
if (dbname == NULL)
{
if (getenv("PGDATABASE"))
dbname = getenv("PGDATABASE");
else if (getenv("PGUSER"))
dbname = getenv("PGUSER");
else
dbname = get_user_name_or_exit(progname);
}
if (schemas.head != NULL)
reindex_one_database(dbname, REINDEX_SCHEMA, &schemas, host,
port, username, prompt_password, progname,
echo, verbose, concurrently, concurrentCons);
if (indexes.head != NULL)
reindex_one_database(dbname, REINDEX_INDEX, &indexes, host,
port, username, prompt_password, progname,
echo, verbose, concurrently, 1);
if (tables.head != NULL)
reindex_one_database(dbname, REINDEX_TABLE, &tables, host,
port, username, prompt_password, progname,
echo, verbose, concurrently,
concurrentCons);
/*
* reindex database only if neither index nor table nor schema is
* specified
*/
if (indexes.head == NULL && tables.head == NULL && schemas.head == NULL)
reindex_one_database(dbname, REINDEX_DATABASE, NULL, host,
port, username, prompt_password, progname,
echo, verbose, concurrently, concurrentCons);
}
exit(0);
}
static void
reindex_one_database(const char *dbname, ReindexType type,
SimpleStringList *user_list, const char *host,
const char *port, const char *username,
enum trivalue prompt_password, const char *progname, bool echo,
bool verbose, bool concurrently, int concurrentCons)
{
PGconn *conn;
SimpleStringListCell *cell;
bool parallel = concurrentCons > 1;
SimpleStringList *process_list = user_list;
ReindexType process_type = type;
ParallelSlot *slots;
bool failed = false;
int items_count = 0;
conn = connectDatabase(dbname, host, port, username, prompt_password,
progname, echo, false, false);
if (concurrently && PQserverVersion(conn) < 120000)
{
PQfinish(conn);
pg_log_error("cannot use the \"%s\" option on server versions older than PostgreSQL %s",
"concurrently", "12");
exit(1);
}
if (!parallel)
{
switch (process_type)
{
case REINDEX_DATABASE:
case REINDEX_SYSTEM:
/*
* Database and system reindexes only need to work on the
* database itself, so build a list with a single entry.
*/
Assert(user_list == NULL);
process_list = pg_malloc0(sizeof(SimpleStringList));
simple_string_list_append(process_list, PQdb(conn));
break;
case REINDEX_INDEX:
case REINDEX_SCHEMA:
case REINDEX_TABLE:
Assert(user_list != NULL);
break;
}
}
else
{
switch (process_type)
{
case REINDEX_DATABASE:
/*
* Database-wide parallel reindex requires special processing.
* If multiple jobs were asked, we have to reindex system
* catalogs first as they cannot be processed in parallel.
*/
if (concurrently)
pg_log_warning("cannot reindex system catalogs concurrently, skipping all");
else
run_reindex_command(conn, REINDEX_SYSTEM, PQdb(conn), echo,
verbose, concurrently, false);
/* Build a list of relations from the database */
process_list = get_parallel_object_list(conn, process_type,
user_list, echo);
process_type = REINDEX_TABLE;
/* Bail out if nothing to process */
if (process_list == NULL)
return;
break;
case REINDEX_SCHEMA:
Assert(user_list != NULL);
/* Build a list of relations from all the schemas */
process_list = get_parallel_object_list(conn, process_type,
user_list, echo);
process_type = REINDEX_TABLE;
/* Bail out if nothing to process */
if (process_list == NULL)
return;
break;
case REINDEX_SYSTEM:
case REINDEX_INDEX:
/* not supported */
Assert(false);
break;
case REINDEX_TABLE:
/*
* Fall through. The list of items for tables is already
* created.
*/
break;
}
}
/*
* Adjust the number of concurrent connections depending on the items in
* the list. We choose the minimum between the number of concurrent
* connections and the number of items in the list.
*/
for (cell = process_list->head; cell; cell = cell->next)
{
items_count++;
/* no need to continue if there are more elements than jobs */
if (items_count >= concurrentCons)
break;
}
concurrentCons = Min(concurrentCons, items_count);
Assert(concurrentCons > 0);
Assert(process_list != NULL);
slots = ParallelSlotsSetup(dbname, host, port, username, prompt_password,
progname, echo, conn, concurrentCons);
cell = process_list->head;
do
{
const char *objname = cell->val;
ParallelSlot *free_slot = NULL;
if (CancelRequested)
{
failed = true;
goto finish;
}
free_slot = ParallelSlotsGetIdle(slots, concurrentCons);
if (!free_slot)
{
failed = true;
goto finish;
}
run_reindex_command(free_slot->connection, process_type, objname,
echo, verbose, concurrently, true);
cell = cell->next;
} while (cell != NULL);
if (!ParallelSlotsWaitCompletion(slots, concurrentCons))
failed = true;
finish:
if (process_list != user_list)
{
simple_string_list_destroy(process_list);
pg_free(process_list);
}
ParallelSlotsTerminate(slots, concurrentCons);
pfree(slots);
if (failed)
exit(1);
}
static void
run_reindex_command(PGconn *conn, ReindexType type, const char *name,
bool echo, bool verbose, bool concurrently, bool async)
{
PQExpBufferData sql;
bool status;
Assert(name);
/* build the REINDEX query */
initPQExpBuffer(&sql);
appendPQExpBufferStr(&sql, "REINDEX ");
if (verbose)
appendPQExpBufferStr(&sql, "(VERBOSE) ");
/* object type */
switch (type)
{
case REINDEX_DATABASE:
appendPQExpBufferStr(&sql, "DATABASE ");
break;
case REINDEX_INDEX:
appendPQExpBufferStr(&sql, "INDEX ");
break;
case REINDEX_SCHEMA:
appendPQExpBufferStr(&sql, "SCHEMA ");
break;
case REINDEX_SYSTEM:
appendPQExpBufferStr(&sql, "SYSTEM ");
break;
case REINDEX_TABLE:
appendPQExpBufferStr(&sql, "TABLE ");
break;
}
if (concurrently)
appendPQExpBufferStr(&sql, "CONCURRENTLY ");
/* object name */
switch (type)
{
case REINDEX_DATABASE:
case REINDEX_SYSTEM:
appendPQExpBufferStr(&sql, fmtId(name));
break;
case REINDEX_INDEX:
case REINDEX_TABLE:
appendQualifiedRelation(&sql, name, conn, echo);
break;
case REINDEX_SCHEMA:
appendPQExpBufferStr(&sql, name);
break;
}
/* finish the query */
appendPQExpBufferChar(&sql, ';');
if (async)
{
if (echo)
printf("%s\n", sql.data);
status = PQsendQuery(conn, sql.data) == 1;
}
else
status = executeMaintenanceCommand(conn, sql.data, echo);
if (!status)
{
switch (type)
{
case REINDEX_DATABASE:
pg_log_error("reindexing of database \"%s\" failed: %s",
PQdb(conn), PQerrorMessage(conn));
break;
case REINDEX_INDEX:
pg_log_error("reindexing of index \"%s\" in database \"%s\" failed: %s",
name, PQdb(conn), PQerrorMessage(conn));
break;
case REINDEX_SCHEMA:
pg_log_error("reindexing of schema \"%s\" in database \"%s\" failed: %s",
name, PQdb(conn), PQerrorMessage(conn));
break;
case REINDEX_SYSTEM:
pg_log_error("reindexing of system catalogs on database \"%s\" failed: %s",
PQdb(conn), PQerrorMessage(conn));
break;
case REINDEX_TABLE:
pg_log_error("reindexing of table \"%s\" in database \"%s\" failed: %s",
name, PQdb(conn), PQerrorMessage(conn));
break;
}
if (!async)
{
PQfinish(conn);
exit(1);
}
}
termPQExpBuffer(&sql);
}
/*
* Prepare the list of objects to process by querying the catalogs.
*
* This function will return a SimpleStringList object containing the entire
* list of tables in the given database that should be processed by a parallel
* database-wide reindex (excluding system tables), or NULL if there's no such
* table.
*/
static SimpleStringList *
get_parallel_object_list(PGconn *conn, ReindexType type,
SimpleStringList *user_list, bool echo)
{
PQExpBufferData catalog_query;
PQExpBufferData buf;
PGresult *res;
SimpleStringList *tables;
int ntups,
i;
initPQExpBuffer(&catalog_query);
/*
* The queries here are using a safe search_path, so there's no need to
* fully qualify everything.
*/
switch (type)
{
case REINDEX_DATABASE:
Assert(user_list == NULL);
appendPQExpBuffer(&catalog_query,
"SELECT c.relname, ns.nspname\n"
" FROM pg_catalog.pg_class c\n"
" JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace ns"
" ON c.relnamespace = ns.oid\n"
" WHERE ns.nspname != 'pg_catalog'\n"
" AND c.relkind IN ("
CppAsString2(RELKIND_RELATION) ", "
CppAsString2(RELKIND_MATVIEW) ")\n"
" ORDER BY c.relpages DESC;");
break;
case REINDEX_SCHEMA:
{
SimpleStringListCell *cell;
bool nsp_listed = false;
Assert(user_list != NULL);
/*
* All the tables from all the listed schemas are grabbed at
* once.
*/
appendPQExpBuffer(&catalog_query,
"SELECT c.relname, ns.nspname\n"
" FROM pg_catalog.pg_class c\n"
" JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace ns"
" ON c.relnamespace = ns.oid\n"
" WHERE c.relkind IN ("
CppAsString2(RELKIND_RELATION) ", "
CppAsString2(RELKIND_MATVIEW) ")\n"
" AND ns.nspname IN (");
for (cell = user_list->head; cell; cell = cell->next)
{
const char *nspname = cell->val;
if (nsp_listed)
appendPQExpBuffer(&catalog_query, ", ");
else
nsp_listed = true;
appendStringLiteralConn(&catalog_query, nspname, conn);
}
appendPQExpBuffer(&catalog_query, ")\n"
" ORDER BY c.relpages DESC;");
}
break;
case REINDEX_SYSTEM:
case REINDEX_INDEX:
case REINDEX_TABLE:
Assert(false);
break;
}
res = executeQuery(conn, catalog_query.data, echo);
termPQExpBuffer(&catalog_query);
/*
* If no rows are returned, there are no matching tables, so we are done.
*/
ntups = PQntuples(res);
if (ntups == 0)
{
PQclear(res);
PQfinish(conn);
return NULL;
}
tables = pg_malloc0(sizeof(SimpleStringList));
/* Build qualified identifiers for each table */
initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
for (i = 0; i < ntups; i++)
{
appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
fmtQualifiedId(PQgetvalue(res, i, 1),
PQgetvalue(res, i, 0)));
simple_string_list_append(tables, buf.data);
resetPQExpBuffer(&buf);
}
termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
PQclear(res);
return tables;
}
static void
reindex_all_databases(const char *maintenance_db,
const char *host, const char *port,
const char *username, enum trivalue prompt_password,
const char *progname, bool echo, bool quiet, bool verbose,
bool concurrently, int concurrentCons)
{
PGconn *conn;
PGresult *result;
PQExpBufferData connstr;
int i;
conn = connectMaintenanceDatabase(maintenance_db, host, port, username,
prompt_password, progname, echo);
result = executeQuery(conn, "SELECT datname FROM pg_database WHERE datallowconn ORDER BY 1;", echo);
PQfinish(conn);
initPQExpBuffer(&connstr);
for (i = 0; i < PQntuples(result); i++)
{
char *dbname = PQgetvalue(result, i, 0);
if (!quiet)
{
printf(_("%s: reindexing database \"%s\"\n"), progname, dbname);
fflush(stdout);
}
resetPQExpBuffer(&connstr);
appendPQExpBufferStr(&connstr, "dbname=");
appendConnStrVal(&connstr, dbname);
reindex_one_database(connstr.data, REINDEX_DATABASE, NULL, host,
port, username, prompt_password,
progname, echo, verbose, concurrently,
concurrentCons);
}
termPQExpBuffer(&connstr);
PQclear(result);
}
static void
help(const char *progname)
{
printf(_("%s reindexes a PostgreSQL database.\n\n"), progname);
printf(_("Usage:\n"));
printf(_(" %s [OPTION]... [DBNAME]\n"), progname);
printf(_("\nOptions:\n"));
printf(_(" -a, --all reindex all databases\n"));
printf(_(" --concurrently reindex concurrently\n"));
printf(_(" -d, --dbname=DBNAME database to reindex\n"));
printf(_(" -e, --echo show the commands being sent to the server\n"));
printf(_(" -i, --index=INDEX recreate specific index(es) only\n"));
printf(_(" -j, --jobs=NUM use this many concurrent connections to reindex\n"));
printf(_(" -q, --quiet don't write any messages\n"));
printf(_(" -s, --system reindex system catalogs\n"));
printf(_(" -S, --schema=SCHEMA reindex specific schema(s) only\n"));
printf(_(" -t, --table=TABLE reindex specific table(s) only\n"));
printf(_(" -v, --verbose write a lot of output\n"));
printf(_(" -V, --version output version information, then exit\n"));
printf(_(" -?, --help show this help, then exit\n"));
printf(_("\nConnection options:\n"));
printf(_(" -h, --host=HOSTNAME database server host or socket directory\n"));
printf(_(" -p, --port=PORT database server port\n"));
printf(_(" -U, --username=USERNAME user name to connect as\n"));
printf(_(" -w, --no-password never prompt for password\n"));
printf(_(" -W, --password force password prompt\n"));
printf(_(" --maintenance-db=DBNAME alternate maintenance database\n"));
printf(_("\nRead the description of the SQL command REINDEX for details.\n"));
printf(_("\nReport bugs to <%s>.\n"), PACKAGE_BUGREPORT);
printf(_("%s home page: <%s>\n"), PACKAGE_NAME, PACKAGE_URL);
}