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/*
* psql - the PostgreSQL interactive terminal
*
* Copyright (c) 2000-2020, PostgreSQL Global Development Group
*
* src/bin/psql/help.c
*/
#include "postgres_fe.h"
#ifndef WIN32
#include <unistd.h> /* for geteuid() */
#else
#include <win32.h>
#endif
#ifndef WIN32
#include <sys/ioctl.h> /* for ioctl() */
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_TERMIOS_H
#include <termios.h>
#endif
#include "common.h"
#include "common/logging.h"
#include "common/username.h"
#include "help.h"
#include "input.h"
#include "settings.h"
#include "sql_help.h"
/*
* PLEASE:
* If you change something in this file, also make the same changes
* in the DocBook documentation, file ref/psql-ref.sgml. If you don't
* know how to do it, please find someone who can help you.
*/
/*
* usage
*
* print out command line arguments
*/
#define ON(var) (var ? _("on") : _("off"))
void
usage(unsigned short int pager)
{
const char *env;
const char *user;
char *errstr;
FILE *output;
/* Find default user, in case we need it. */
user = getenv("PGUSER");
if (!user)
{
user = get_user_name(&errstr);
if (!user)
{
pg_log_fatal("%s", errstr);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
}
/*
* Keep this line count in sync with the number of lines printed below!
* Use "psql --help=options | wc" to count correctly.
*/
output = PageOutput(62, pager ? &(pset.popt.topt) : NULL);
fprintf(output, _("psql is the PostgreSQL interactive terminal.\n\n"));
fprintf(output, _("Usage:\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" psql [OPTION]... [DBNAME [USERNAME]]\n\n"));
fprintf(output, _("General options:\n"));
/* Display default database */
env = getenv("PGDATABASE");
if (!env)
env = user;
fprintf(output, _(" -c, --command=COMMAND run only single command (SQL or internal) and exit\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" -d, --dbname=DBNAME database name to connect to (default: \"%s\")\n"), env);
fprintf(output, _(" -f, --file=FILENAME execute commands from file, then exit\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" -l, --list list available databases, then exit\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" -v, --set=, --variable=NAME=VALUE\n"
" set psql variable NAME to VALUE\n"
" (e.g., -v ON_ERROR_STOP=1)\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" -V, --version output version information, then exit\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" -X, --no-psqlrc do not read startup file (~/.psqlrc)\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" -1 (\"one\"), --single-transaction\n"
" execute as a single transaction (if non-interactive)\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" -?, --help[=options] show this help, then exit\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" --help=commands list backslash commands, then exit\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" --help=variables list special variables, then exit\n"));
fprintf(output, _("\nInput and output options:\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" -a, --echo-all echo all input from script\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" -b, --echo-errors echo failed commands\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" -e, --echo-queries echo commands sent to server\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" -E, --echo-hidden display queries that internal commands generate\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" -L, --log-file=FILENAME send session log to file\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" -n, --no-readline disable enhanced command line editing (readline)\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" -o, --output=FILENAME send query results to file (or |pipe)\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" -q, --quiet run quietly (no messages, only query output)\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" -s, --single-step single-step mode (confirm each query)\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" -S, --single-line single-line mode (end of line terminates SQL command)\n"));
fprintf(output, _("\nOutput format options:\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" -A, --no-align unaligned table output mode\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" --csv CSV (Comma-Separated Values) table output mode\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" -F, --field-separator=STRING\n"
" field separator for unaligned output (default: \"%s\")\n"),
DEFAULT_FIELD_SEP);
fprintf(output, _(" -H, --html HTML table output mode\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" -P, --pset=VAR[=ARG] set printing option VAR to ARG (see \\pset command)\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" -R, --record-separator=STRING\n"
" record separator for unaligned output (default: newline)\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" -t, --tuples-only print rows only\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" -T, --table-attr=TEXT set HTML table tag attributes (e.g., width, border)\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" -x, --expanded turn on expanded table output\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" -z, --field-separator-zero\n"
" set field separator for unaligned output to zero byte\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" -0, --record-separator-zero\n"
" set record separator for unaligned output to zero byte\n"));
fprintf(output, _("\nConnection options:\n"));
/* Display default host */
env = getenv("PGHOST");
fprintf(output, _(" -h, --host=HOSTNAME database server host or socket directory (default: \"%s\")\n"),
env ? env : _("local socket"));
/* Display default port */
env = getenv("PGPORT");
fprintf(output, _(" -p, --port=PORT database server port (default: \"%s\")\n"),
env ? env : DEF_PGPORT_STR);
/* Display default user */
env = getenv("PGUSER");
if (!env)
env = user;
fprintf(output, _(" -U, --username=USERNAME database user name (default: \"%s\")\n"), env);
fprintf(output, _(" -w, --no-password never prompt for password\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" -W, --password force password prompt (should happen automatically)\n"));
fprintf(output, _("\nFor more information, type \"\\?\" (for internal commands) or \"\\help\" (for SQL\n"
"commands) from within psql, or consult the psql section in the PostgreSQL\n"
"documentation.\n\n"));
fprintf(output, _("Report bugs to <%s>.\n"), PACKAGE_BUGREPORT);
fprintf(output, _("%s home page: <%s>\n"), PACKAGE_NAME, PACKAGE_URL);
ClosePager(output);
}
/*
* slashUsage
*
* print out help for the backslash commands
*/
void
slashUsage(unsigned short int pager)
{
FILE *output;
char *currdb;
currdb = PQdb(pset.db);
/*
* Keep this line count in sync with the number of lines printed below!
* Use "psql --help=commands | wc" to count correctly. It's okay to count
* the USE_READLINE line even in builds without that.
*/
output = PageOutput(128, pager ? &(pset.popt.topt) : NULL);
fprintf(output, _("General\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\copyright show PostgreSQL usage and distribution terms\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\crosstabview [COLUMNS] execute query and display results in crosstab\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\errverbose show most recent error message at maximum verbosity\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\g [FILE] or ; execute query (and send results to file or |pipe)\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\gdesc describe result of query, without executing it\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\gexec execute query, then execute each value in its result\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\gset [PREFIX] execute query and store results in psql variables\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\gx [FILE] as \\g, but forces expanded output mode\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\q quit psql\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\watch [SEC] execute query every SEC seconds\n"));
fprintf(output, "\n");
fprintf(output, _("Help\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\? [commands] show help on backslash commands\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\? options show help on psql command-line options\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\? variables show help on special variables\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\h [NAME] help on syntax of SQL commands, * for all commands\n"));
fprintf(output, "\n");
fprintf(output, _("Query Buffer\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\e [FILE] [LINE] edit the query buffer (or file) with external editor\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\ef [FUNCNAME [LINE]] edit function definition with external editor\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\ev [VIEWNAME [LINE]] edit view definition with external editor\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\p show the contents of the query buffer\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\r reset (clear) the query buffer\n"));
#ifdef USE_READLINE
fprintf(output, _(" \\s [FILE] display history or save it to file\n"));
#endif
fprintf(output, _(" \\w FILE write query buffer to file\n"));
fprintf(output, "\n");
fprintf(output, _("Input/Output\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\copy ... perform SQL COPY with data stream to the client host\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\echo [-n] [STRING] write string to standard output (-n for no newline)\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\i FILE execute commands from file\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\ir FILE as \\i, but relative to location of current script\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\o [FILE] send all query results to file or |pipe\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\qecho [-n] [STRING] write string to \\o output stream (-n for no newline)\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\warn [-n] [STRING] write string to standard error (-n for no newline)\n"));
fprintf(output, "\n");
fprintf(output, _("Conditional\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\if EXPR begin conditional block\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\elif EXPR alternative within current conditional block\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\else final alternative within current conditional block\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\endif end conditional block\n"));
fprintf(output, "\n");
fprintf(output, _("Informational\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" (options: S = show system objects, + = additional detail)\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\d[S+] list tables, views, and sequences\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\d[S+] NAME describe table, view, sequence, or index\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\da[S] [PATTERN] list aggregates\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\dA[+] [PATTERN] list access methods\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\db[+] [PATTERN] list tablespaces\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\dc[S+] [PATTERN] list conversions\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\dC[+] [PATTERN] list casts\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\dd[S] [PATTERN] show object descriptions not displayed elsewhere\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\dD[S+] [PATTERN] list domains\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\ddp [PATTERN] list default privileges\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\dE[S+] [PATTERN] list foreign tables\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\det[+] [PATTERN] list foreign tables\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\des[+] [PATTERN] list foreign servers\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\deu[+] [PATTERN] list user mappings\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\dew[+] [PATTERN] list foreign-data wrappers\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\df[anptw][S+] [PATRN] list [only agg/normal/procedures/trigger/window] functions\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\dF[+] [PATTERN] list text search configurations\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\dFd[+] [PATTERN] list text search dictionaries\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\dFp[+] [PATTERN] list text search parsers\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\dFt[+] [PATTERN] list text search templates\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\dg[S+] [PATTERN] list roles\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\di[S+] [PATTERN] list indexes\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\dl list large objects, same as \\lo_list\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\dL[S+] [PATTERN] list procedural languages\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\dm[S+] [PATTERN] list materialized views\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\dn[S+] [PATTERN] list schemas\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\do[S] [PATTERN] list operators\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\dO[S+] [PATTERN] list collations\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\dp [PATTERN] list table, view, and sequence access privileges\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\dP[itn+] [PATTERN] list [only index/table] partitioned relations [n=nested]\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\drds [PATRN1 [PATRN2]] list per-database role settings\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\dRp[+] [PATTERN] list replication publications\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\dRs[+] [PATTERN] list replication subscriptions\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\ds[S+] [PATTERN] list sequences\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\dt[S+] [PATTERN] list tables\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\dT[S+] [PATTERN] list data types\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\du[S+] [PATTERN] list roles\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\dv[S+] [PATTERN] list views\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\dx[+] [PATTERN] list extensions\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\dy [PATTERN] list event triggers\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\l[+] [PATTERN] list databases\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\sf[+] FUNCNAME show a function's definition\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\sv[+] VIEWNAME show a view's definition\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\z [PATTERN] same as \\dp\n"));
fprintf(output, "\n");
fprintf(output, _("Formatting\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\a toggle between unaligned and aligned output mode\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\C [STRING] set table title, or unset if none\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\f [STRING] show or set field separator for unaligned query output\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\H toggle HTML output mode (currently %s)\n"),
ON(pset.popt.topt.format == PRINT_HTML));
fprintf(output, _(" \\pset [NAME [VALUE]] set table output option\n"
" (border|columns|csv_fieldsep|expanded|fieldsep|\n"
" fieldsep_zero|footer|format|linestyle|null|\n"
" numericlocale|pager|pager_min_lines|recordsep|\n"
" recordsep_zero|tableattr|title|tuples_only|\n"
" unicode_border_linestyle|unicode_column_linestyle|\n"
" unicode_header_linestyle)\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\t [on|off] show only rows (currently %s)\n"),
ON(pset.popt.topt.tuples_only));
fprintf(output, _(" \\T [STRING] set HTML <table> tag attributes, or unset if none\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\x [on|off|auto] toggle expanded output (currently %s)\n"),
pset.popt.topt.expanded == 2 ? "auto" : ON(pset.popt.topt.expanded));
fprintf(output, "\n");
fprintf(output, _("Connection\n"));
if (currdb)
fprintf(output, _(" \\c[onnect] {[DBNAME|- USER|- HOST|- PORT|-] | conninfo}\n"
" connect to new database (currently \"%s\")\n"),
currdb);
else
fprintf(output, _(" \\c[onnect] {[DBNAME|- USER|- HOST|- PORT|-] | conninfo}\n"
" connect to new database (currently no connection)\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\conninfo display information about current connection\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\encoding [ENCODING] show or set client encoding\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\password [USERNAME] securely change the password for a user\n"));
fprintf(output, "\n");
fprintf(output, _("Operating System\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\cd [DIR] change the current working directory\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\setenv NAME [VALUE] set or unset environment variable\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\timing [on|off] toggle timing of commands (currently %s)\n"),
ON(pset.timing));
fprintf(output, _(" \\! [COMMAND] execute command in shell or start interactive shell\n"));
fprintf(output, "\n");
fprintf(output, _("Variables\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\prompt [TEXT] NAME prompt user to set internal variable\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\set [NAME [VALUE]] set internal variable, or list all if no parameters\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\unset NAME unset (delete) internal variable\n"));
fprintf(output, "\n");
fprintf(output, _("Large Objects\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" \\lo_export LOBOID FILE\n"
" \\lo_import FILE [COMMENT]\n"
" \\lo_list\n"
" \\lo_unlink LOBOID large object operations\n"));
ClosePager(output);
}
/*
* helpVariables
*
* show list of available variables (options) from command line
*/
void
helpVariables(unsigned short int pager)
{
FILE *output;
/*
* Keep this line count in sync with the number of lines printed below!
* Use "psql --help=variables | wc" to count correctly; but notice that
* Windows builds currently print one more line than non-Windows builds.
* Using the larger number is fine.
*/
output = PageOutput(158, pager ? &(pset.popt.topt) : NULL);
fprintf(output, _("List of specially treated variables\n\n"));
fprintf(output, _("psql variables:\n"));
fprintf(output, _("Usage:\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" psql --set=NAME=VALUE\n or \\set NAME VALUE inside psql\n\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" AUTOCOMMIT\n"
" if set, successful SQL commands are automatically committed\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" COMP_KEYWORD_CASE\n"
" determines the case used to complete SQL key words\n"
" [lower, upper, preserve-lower, preserve-upper]\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" DBNAME\n"
" the currently connected database name\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" ECHO\n"
" controls what input is written to standard output\n"
" [all, errors, none, queries]\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" ECHO_HIDDEN\n"
" if set, display internal queries executed by backslash commands;\n"
" if set to \"noexec\", just show them without execution\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" ENCODING\n"
" current client character set encoding\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" ERROR\n"
" true if last query failed, else false\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" FETCH_COUNT\n"
" the number of result rows to fetch and display at a time (0 = unlimited)\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" HIDE_TABLEAM\n"
" if set, table access methods are not displayed\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" HISTCONTROL\n"
" controls command history [ignorespace, ignoredups, ignoreboth]\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" HISTFILE\n"
" file name used to store the command history\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" HISTSIZE\n"
" maximum number of commands to store in the command history\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" HOST\n"
" the currently connected database server host\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" IGNOREEOF\n"
" number of EOFs needed to terminate an interactive session\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" LASTOID\n"
" value of the last affected OID\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" LAST_ERROR_MESSAGE\n"
" LAST_ERROR_SQLSTATE\n"
" message and SQLSTATE of last error, or empty string and \"00000\" if none\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" ON_ERROR_ROLLBACK\n"
" if set, an error doesn't stop a transaction (uses implicit savepoints)\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" ON_ERROR_STOP\n"
" stop batch execution after error\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" PORT\n"
" server port of the current connection\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" PROMPT1\n"
" specifies the standard psql prompt\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" PROMPT2\n"
" specifies the prompt used when a statement continues from a previous line\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" PROMPT3\n"
" specifies the prompt used during COPY ... FROM STDIN\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" QUIET\n"
" run quietly (same as -q option)\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" ROW_COUNT\n"
" number of rows returned or affected by last query, or 0\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" SERVER_VERSION_NAME\n"
" SERVER_VERSION_NUM\n"
" server's version (in short string or numeric format)\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" SHOW_CONTEXT\n"
" controls display of message context fields [never, errors, always]\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" SINGLELINE\n"
" if set, end of line terminates SQL commands (same as -S option)\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" SINGLESTEP\n"
" single-step mode (same as -s option)\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" SQLSTATE\n"
" SQLSTATE of last query, or \"00000\" if no error\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" USER\n"
" the currently connected database user\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" VERBOSITY\n"
" controls verbosity of error reports [default, verbose, terse, sqlstate]\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" VERSION\n"
" VERSION_NAME\n"
" VERSION_NUM\n"
" psql's version (in verbose string, short string, or numeric format)\n"));
fprintf(output, _("\nDisplay settings:\n"));
fprintf(output, _("Usage:\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" psql --pset=NAME[=VALUE]\n or \\pset NAME [VALUE] inside psql\n\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" border\n"
" border style (number)\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" columns\n"
" target width for the wrapped format\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" expanded (or x)\n"
" expanded output [on, off, auto]\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" fieldsep\n"
" field separator for unaligned output (default \"%s\")\n"),
DEFAULT_FIELD_SEP);
fprintf(output, _(" fieldsep_zero\n"
" set field separator for unaligned output to a zero byte\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" footer\n"
" enable or disable display of the table footer [on, off]\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" format\n"
" set output format [unaligned, aligned, wrapped, html, asciidoc, ...]\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" linestyle\n"
" set the border line drawing style [ascii, old-ascii, unicode]\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" null\n"
" set the string to be printed in place of a null value\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" numericlocale\n"
" enable display of a locale-specific character to separate groups of digits\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" pager\n"
" control when an external pager is used [yes, no, always]\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" recordsep\n"
" record (line) separator for unaligned output\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" recordsep_zero\n"
" set record separator for unaligned output to a zero byte\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" tableattr (or T)\n"
" specify attributes for table tag in html format, or proportional\n"
" column widths for left-aligned data types in latex-longtable format\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" title\n"
" set the table title for subsequently printed tables\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" tuples_only\n"
" if set, only actual table data is shown\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" unicode_border_linestyle\n"
" unicode_column_linestyle\n"
" unicode_header_linestyle\n"
" set the style of Unicode line drawing [single, double]\n"));
fprintf(output, _("\nEnvironment variables:\n"));
fprintf(output, _("Usage:\n"));
#ifndef WIN32
fprintf(output, _(" NAME=VALUE [NAME=VALUE] psql ...\n or \\setenv NAME [VALUE] inside psql\n\n"));
#else
fprintf(output, _(" set NAME=VALUE\n psql ...\n or \\setenv NAME [VALUE] inside psql\n\n"));
#endif
fprintf(output, _(" COLUMNS\n"
" number of columns for wrapped format\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" PGAPPNAME\n"
" same as the application_name connection parameter\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" PGDATABASE\n"
" same as the dbname connection parameter\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" PGHOST\n"
" same as the host connection parameter\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" PGPASSWORD\n"
" connection password (not recommended)\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" PGPASSFILE\n"
" password file name\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" PGPORT\n"
" same as the port connection parameter\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" PGUSER\n"
" same as the user connection parameter\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" PSQL_EDITOR, EDITOR, VISUAL\n"
" editor used by the \\e, \\ef, and \\ev commands\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" PSQL_EDITOR_LINENUMBER_ARG\n"
" how to specify a line number when invoking the editor\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" PSQL_HISTORY\n"
" alternative location for the command history file\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" PSQL_PAGER, PAGER\n"
" name of external pager program\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" PSQLRC\n"
" alternative location for the user's .psqlrc file\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" SHELL\n"
" shell used by the \\! command\n"));
fprintf(output, _(" TMPDIR\n"
" directory for temporary files\n"));
ClosePager(output);
}
/*
* helpSQL -- help with SQL commands
*
* Note: we assume caller removed any trailing spaces in "topic".
*/
void
helpSQL(const char *topic, unsigned short int pager)
{
#define VALUE_OR_NULL(a) ((a) ? (a) : "")
if (!topic || strlen(topic) == 0)
{
/* Print all the available command names */
int screen_width;
int ncolumns;
int nrows;
FILE *output;
int i;
int j;
#ifdef TIOCGWINSZ
struct winsize screen_size;
if (ioctl(fileno(stdout), TIOCGWINSZ, &screen_size) == -1)
screen_width = 80; /* ioctl failed, assume 80 */
else
screen_width = screen_size.ws_col;
#else
screen_width = 80; /* default assumption */
#endif
ncolumns = (screen_width - 3) / (QL_MAX_CMD_LEN + 1);
ncolumns = Max(ncolumns, 1);
nrows = (QL_HELP_COUNT + (ncolumns - 1)) / ncolumns;
output = PageOutput(nrows + 1, pager ? &(pset.popt.topt) : NULL);
fputs(_("Available help:\n"), output);
for (i = 0; i < nrows; i++)
{
fprintf(output, " ");
for (j = 0; j < ncolumns - 1; j++)
fprintf(output, "%-*s",
QL_MAX_CMD_LEN + 1,
VALUE_OR_NULL(QL_HELP[i + j * nrows].cmd));
if (i + j * nrows < QL_HELP_COUNT)
fprintf(output, "%s",
VALUE_OR_NULL(QL_HELP[i + j * nrows].cmd));
fputc('\n', output);
}
ClosePager(output);
}
else
{
int i,
j,
x = 0;
bool help_found = false;
FILE *output = NULL;
size_t len,
wordlen;
int nl_count = 0;
/*
* We first try exact match, then first + second words, then first
* word only.
*/
len = strlen(topic);
for (x = 1; x <= 3; x++)
{
if (x > 1) /* Nothing on first pass - try the opening
* word(s) */
{
wordlen = j = 1;
while (topic[j] != ' ' && j++ < len)
wordlen++;
if (x == 2)
{
j++;
while (topic[j] != ' ' && j++ <= len)
wordlen++;
}
if (wordlen >= len) /* Don't try again if the same word */
{
if (!output)
output = PageOutput(nl_count, pager ? &(pset.popt.topt) : NULL);
break;
}
len = wordlen;
}
/* Count newlines for pager */
for (i = 0; QL_HELP[i].cmd; i++)
{
if (pg_strncasecmp(topic, QL_HELP[i].cmd, len) == 0 ||
strcmp(topic, "*") == 0)
{
nl_count += 5 + QL_HELP[i].nl_count;
/* If we have an exact match, exit. Fixes \h SELECT */
if (pg_strcasecmp(topic, QL_HELP[i].cmd) == 0)
break;
}
}
if (!output)
output = PageOutput(nl_count, pager ? &(pset.popt.topt) : NULL);
for (i = 0; QL_HELP[i].cmd; i++)
{
if (pg_strncasecmp(topic, QL_HELP[i].cmd, len) == 0 ||
strcmp(topic, "*") == 0)
{
PQExpBufferData buffer;
char *url;
initPQExpBuffer(&buffer);
QL_HELP[i].syntaxfunc(&buffer);
help_found = true;
url = psprintf("https://www.postgresql.org/docs/%s/%s.html",
strstr(PG_VERSION, "devel") ? "devel" : PG_MAJORVERSION,
QL_HELP[i].docbook_id);
fprintf(output, _("Command: %s\n"
"Description: %s\n"
"Syntax:\n%s\n\n"
"URL: %s\n\n"),
QL_HELP[i].cmd,
_(QL_HELP[i].help),
buffer.data,
url);
free(url);
/* If we have an exact match, exit. Fixes \h SELECT */
if (pg_strcasecmp(topic, QL_HELP[i].cmd) == 0)
break;
}
}
if (help_found) /* Don't keep trying if we got a match */
break;
}
if (!help_found)
fprintf(output, _("No help available for \"%s\".\nTry \\h with no arguments to see available help.\n"), topic);
ClosePager(output);
}
}
void
print_copyright(void)
{
puts("PostgreSQL Database Management System\n"
"(formerly known as Postgres, then as Postgres95)\n\n"
"Portions Copyright (c) 1996-2020, PostgreSQL Global Development Group\n\n"
"Portions Copyright (c) 1994, The Regents of the University of California\n\n"
"Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and its\n"
"documentation for any purpose, without fee, and without a written agreement\n"
"is hereby granted, provided that the above copyright notice and this\n"
"paragraph and the following two paragraphs appear in all copies.\n\n"
"IN NO EVENT SHALL THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA BE LIABLE TO ANY PARTY FOR\n"
"DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING\n"
"LOST PROFITS, ARISING OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE AND ITS\n"
"DOCUMENTATION, EVEN IF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE\n"
"POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.\n\n"
"THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS ANY WARRANTIES,\n"
"INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY\n"
"AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE SOFTWARE PROVIDED HEREUNDER IS\n"
"ON AN \"AS IS\" BASIS, AND THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA HAS NO OBLIGATIONS TO\n"
"PROVIDE MAINTENANCE, SUPPORT, UPDATES, ENHANCEMENTS, OR MODIFICATIONS.\n");
}