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#!/usr/bin/env python3
# - part of the FDroid server tools
# Copyright (C) 2010-2014, Ciaran Gultnieks,
# Copyright (C) 2013-2014 Daniel Martí <>
# This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU Affero General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
# (at your option) any later version.
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# GNU Affero General Public License for more details.
# You should have received a copy of the GNU Affero General Public License
# along with this program. If not, see <>.
import os
import shutil
import glob
import subprocess
import posixpath
import re
import resource
import sys
import tarfile
import threading
import traceback
import time
import requests
import tempfile
import argparse
from configparser import ConfigParser
import logging
from gettext import ngettext
from . import _
from . import common
from . import net
from . import metadata
from . import scanner
from . import vmtools
from .common import FDroidPopen
from .exception import FDroidException, BuildException, VCSException
import paramiko
except ImportError:
# Note that 'force' here also implies test mode.
def build_server(app, build, vcs, build_dir, output_dir, log_dir, force):
"""Do a build on the builder vm.
:param app: app metadata dict
:param build:
:param vcs: version control system controller object
:param build_dir: local source-code checkout of app
:param output_dir: target folder for the build result
:param force:
global buildserverid
except NameError as e:
raise BuildException("Paramiko is required to use the buildserver") from e
if options.verbose:
sshinfo = vmtools.get_clean_builder('builder', options.reset_server)
output = None
if not buildserverid:
buildserverid = subprocess.check_output(['vagrant', 'ssh', '-c',
'cat /home/vagrant/buildserverid'],
status_output['buildserverid'] = buildserverid
logging.debug(_('Fetched buildserverid from VM: {buildserverid}')
except Exception as e:
if type(buildserverid) is not str or not re.match('^[0-9a-f]{40}$', buildserverid):['vagrant', 'status'], cwd="builder"))
raise FDroidException("Could not obtain buildserverid from buldserver VM. "
"(stored inside the buildserver VM at '/home/vagrant/buildserverid') "
"Please reset your buildserver, the setup VM is broken.") from e
# Open SSH connection..."Connecting to virtual machine...")
sshs = paramiko.SSHClient()
sshs.connect(sshinfo['hostname'], username=sshinfo['user'],
port=sshinfo['port'], timeout=300,
look_for_keys=False, key_filename=sshinfo['idfile'])
homedir = posixpath.join('/home', sshinfo['user'])
# Get an SFTP connection...
ftp = sshs.open_sftp()
# Put all the necessary files in place...
# Helper to copy the contents of a directory to the server...
def send_dir(path):
logging.debug("rsyncing " + path + " to " + ftp.getcwd())
# TODO this should move to `vagrant rsync` from >= v1.5
subprocess.check_output(['rsync', '--recursive', '--perms', '--links', '--quiet', '--rsh='
+ 'ssh -o StrictHostKeyChecking=no'
+ ' -o UserKnownHostsFile=/dev/null'
+ ' -o LogLevel=FATAL'
+ ' -o IdentitiesOnly=yes'
+ ' -o PasswordAuthentication=no'
+ ' -p ' + str(sshinfo['port'])
+ ' -i ' + sshinfo['idfile'],
sshinfo['user'] + "@" + sshinfo['hostname'] + ":" + ftp.getcwd()],
except subprocess.CalledProcessError as e:
raise FDroidException(str(e), e.output.decode())"Preparing server for build...")
serverpath = os.path.abspath(os.path.dirname(__file__))
ftp.put(os.path.join(serverpath, '..', 'fdroid'), 'fdroid')
ftp.put(os.path.join(serverpath, '..', 'gradlew-fdroid'), 'gradlew-fdroid')
ftp.chmod('fdroid', 0o755) # nosec B103 permissions are appropriate
ftp.chmod('gradlew-fdroid', 0o755) # nosec B103 permissions are appropriate
ftp.put(os.path.join(serverpath, '..', 'buildserver',
''), '')
ftp.chmod('', 0o600)
# Copy over the ID (head commit hash) of the fdroidserver in use...
with open(os.path.join(os.getcwd(), 'tmp', 'fdroidserverid'), 'wb') as fp:
fp.write(subprocess.check_output(['git', 'rev-parse', 'HEAD'],
ftp.put('tmp/fdroidserverid', 'fdroidserverid')
# Copy the metadata - just the file for this app...
ftp.put(app.metadatapath, os.path.basename(app.metadatapath))
# And patches if there are any...
if os.path.exists(os.path.join('metadata',
# Create the build directory...
# Copy any extlibs that are required...
if build.extlibs:
ftp.chdir(posixpath.join(homedir, 'build', 'extlib'))
for lib in build.extlibs:
lib = lib.strip()
libsrc = os.path.join('build/extlib', lib)
if not os.path.exists(libsrc):
raise BuildException("Missing extlib {0}".format(libsrc))
lp = lib.split('/')
for d in lp[:-1]:
if d not in ftp.listdir():
ftp.put(libsrc, lp[-1])
for _ignored in lp[:-1]:
# Copy any srclibs that are required...
srclibpaths = []
if build.srclibs:
for lib in build.srclibs:
common.getsrclib(lib, 'build/srclib', basepath=True, prepare=False))
# If one was used for the main source, add that too.
basesrclib = vcs.getsrclib()
if basesrclib:
for name, number, lib in srclibpaths:"Sending srclib '%s'" % lib)
ftp.chdir(posixpath.join(homedir, 'build', 'srclib'))
if not os.path.exists(lib):
raise BuildException("Missing srclib directory '" + lib + "'")
fv = '.fdroidvcs-' + name
ftp.put(os.path.join('build/srclib', fv), fv)
# Copy the metadata file too...
ftp.chdir(posixpath.join(homedir, 'srclibs'))
srclibsfile = os.path.join('srclibs', name + '.yml')
if os.path.isfile(srclibsfile):
ftp.put(srclibsfile, os.path.basename(srclibsfile))
raise BuildException(_('cannot find required srclibs: "{path}"')
# Copy the main app source code
# (no need if it's a srclib)
if (not basesrclib) and os.path.exists(build_dir):
ftp.chdir(posixpath.join(homedir, 'build'))
fv = '.fdroidvcs-' +
ftp.put(os.path.join('build', fv), fv)
# Execute the build script..."Starting build...")
chan = sshs.get_transport().open_session()
cmdline = posixpath.join(homedir, 'fdroidserver', 'fdroid')
cmdline += ' build --on-server'
if force:
cmdline += ' --force --test'
if options.verbose:
cmdline += ' --verbose'
if options.skipscan:
cmdline += ' --skip-scan'
if options.notarball:
cmdline += ' --no-tarball'
cmdline += " %s:%s" % (, build.versionCode)
chan.exec_command('bash --login -c "' + cmdline + '"') # nosec B601 inputs are sanitized
# Fetch build process output ...
cmd_stdout = chan.makefile('rb', 1024)
output = bytes()
output += common.get_android_tools_version_log(build.ndk_path()).encode()
while not chan.exit_status_ready():
line = cmd_stdout.readline()
if line:
if options.verbose:
logging.debug("buildserver > " + str(line, 'utf-8').rstrip())
output += line
for line in cmd_stdout.readlines():
if options.verbose:
logging.debug("buildserver > " + str(line, 'utf-8').rstrip())
output += line
# Check build process exit status ..."...getting exit status")
returncode = chan.recv_exit_status()
if returncode != 0:
if timeout_event.is_set():
message = "Timeout exceeded! Build VM force-stopped for {0}:{1}"
message = " failed on server for {0}:{1}"
raise BuildException(message.format(, build.versionName),
None if options.verbose else str(output, 'utf-8'))
# Retreive logs...
toolsversion_log = common.get_toolsversion_logname(app, build)
ftp.chdir(posixpath.join(homedir, log_dir))
ftp.get(toolsversion_log, os.path.join(log_dir, toolsversion_log))
logging.debug('retrieved %s', toolsversion_log)
except Exception as e:
logging.warning('could not get %s from builder vm: %s' % (toolsversion_log, e))
# Retrieve the built files..."Retrieving build output...")
if force:
ftp.chdir(posixpath.join(homedir, 'tmp'))
ftp.chdir(posixpath.join(homedir, 'unsigned'))
apkfile = common.get_release_filename(app, build)
tarball = common.getsrcname(app, build)
ftp.get(apkfile, os.path.join(output_dir, apkfile))
if not options.notarball:
ftp.get(tarball, os.path.join(output_dir, tarball))
except Exception:
raise BuildException(
"Build failed for {0}:{1} - missing output files".format(, build.versionName), None if options.verbose else str(output, 'utf-8'))
# Suspend the build server.
vm = vmtools.get_build_vm('builder')
# deploy logfile to repository web server
if output:
common.deploy_build_log_with_rsync(, build.versionCode, output)
logging.debug('skip publishing full build logs: '
'no output present')
def force_gradle_build_tools(build_dir, build_tools):
for root, dirs, files in os.walk(build_dir):
for filename in files:
if not filename.endswith('.gradle'):
path = os.path.join(root, filename)
if not os.path.isfile(path):
logging.debug("Forcing build-tools %s in %s" % (build_tools, path))
r"""\1buildToolsVersion\2'%s'""" % build_tools,
def transform_first_char(string, method):
"""Uses method() on the first character of string."""
if len(string) == 0:
return string
if len(string) == 1:
return method(string)
return method(string[0]) + string[1:]
def add_failed_builds_entry(failed_builds, appid, build, entry):
failed_builds.append([appid, int(build.versionCode), str(entry)])
def get_metadata_from_apk(app, build, apkfile):
"""get the required metadata from the built APK
versionName is allowed to be a blank string, i.e. ''
appid, versionCode, versionName = common.get_apk_id(apkfile)
native_code = common.get_native_code(apkfile)
if build.buildjni and build.buildjni != ['no'] and not native_code:
raise BuildException("Native code should have been built but none was packaged")
if build.novcheck:
versionCode = build.versionCode
versionName = build.versionName
if not versionCode or versionName is None:
raise BuildException("Could not find version information in build in output")
if not appid:
raise BuildException("Could not find package ID in output")
if appid !=
raise BuildException("Wrong package ID - build " + appid + " but expected " +
return versionCode, versionName
def build_local(app, build, vcs, build_dir, output_dir, log_dir, srclib_dir, extlib_dir, tmp_dir, force, onserver, refresh):
"""Do a build locally."""
ndk_path = build.ndk_path()
if build.ndk or (build.buildjni and build.buildjni != ['no']):
if not ndk_path:
logging.critical("Android NDK version '%s' could not be found!" % build.ndk or 'r12b')
logging.critical("Configured versions:")
for k, v in config['ndk_paths'].items():
if k.endswith("_orig"):
logging.critical(" %s: %s" % (k, v))
raise FDroidException()
elif not os.path.isdir(ndk_path):
logging.critical("Android NDK '%s' is not a directory!" % ndk_path)
raise FDroidException()
# create ..._toolsversion.log when running in builder vm
if onserver:
# before doing anything, run the sudo commands to setup the VM
if build.sudo:"Running 'sudo' commands in %s" % os.getcwd())
p = FDroidPopen(['sudo', 'DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive',
'bash', '-x', '-c', build.sudo])
if p.returncode != 0:
raise BuildException("Error running sudo command for %s:%s" %
(, build.versionName), p.output)
p = FDroidPopen(['sudo', 'passwd', '--lock', 'root'])
if p.returncode != 0:
raise BuildException("Error locking root account for %s:%s" %
(, build.versionName), p.output)
p = FDroidPopen(['sudo', 'SUDO_FORCE_REMOVE=yes', 'dpkg', '--purge', 'sudo'])
if p.returncode != 0:
raise BuildException("Error removing sudo for %s:%s" %
(, build.versionName), p.output)
log_path = os.path.join(log_dir,
common.get_toolsversion_logname(app, build))
with open(log_path, 'w') as f:
if build.sudo:
logging.warning('%s:%s runs this on the buildserver with sudo:\n\t%s\nThese commands were skipped because fdroid build is not running on a dedicated build server.'
% (, build.versionName, build.sudo))
# Prepare the source code...
root_dir, srclibpaths = common.prepare_source(vcs, app, build,
build_dir, srclib_dir,
extlib_dir, onserver, refresh)
# We need to clean via the build tool in case the binary dirs are
# different from the default ones
p = None
gradletasks = []
bmethod = build.build_method()
if bmethod == 'maven':"Cleaning Maven project...")
cmd = [config['mvn3'], 'clean', '-Dandroid.sdk.path=' + config['sdk_path']]
if '@' in build.maven:
maven_dir = os.path.join(root_dir, build.maven.split('@', 1)[1])
maven_dir = os.path.normpath(maven_dir)
maven_dir = root_dir
p = FDroidPopen(cmd, cwd=maven_dir)
elif bmethod == 'gradle':"Cleaning Gradle project...")
if build.preassemble:
gradletasks += build.preassemble
flavours = build.gradle
if flavours == ['yes']:
flavours = []
flavours_cmd = ''.join([transform_first_char(flav, str.upper) for flav in flavours])
gradletasks += ['assemble' + flavours_cmd + 'Release']
cmd = [config['gradle']]
if build.gradleprops:
cmd += ['-P' + kv for kv in build.gradleprops]
cmd += ['clean']
p = FDroidPopen(cmd, cwd=root_dir, envs={"GRADLE_VERSION_DIR": config['gradle_version_dir'], "CACHEDIR": config['cachedir']})
elif bmethod == 'buildozer':
elif bmethod == 'ant':"Cleaning Ant project...")
p = FDroidPopen(['ant', 'clean'], cwd=root_dir)
if p is not None and p.returncode != 0:
raise BuildException("Error cleaning %s:%s" %
(, build.versionName), p.output)
for root, dirs, files in os.walk(build_dir):
def del_dirs(dl):
for d in dl:
shutil.rmtree(os.path.join(root, d), ignore_errors=True)
def del_files(fl):
for f in fl:
if f in files:
os.remove(os.path.join(root, f))
if any(f in files for f in ['build.gradle', 'build.gradle.kts', 'settings.gradle', 'settings.gradle.kts']):
# Even when running clean, gradle stores task/artifact caches in
# .gradle/ as binary files. To avoid overcomplicating the scanner,
# manually delete them, just like `gradle clean` should have removed
# the build/* dirs.
del_dirs([os.path.join('build', 'android-profile'),
os.path.join('build', 'generated'),
os.path.join('build', 'intermediates'),
os.path.join('build', 'outputs'),
os.path.join('build', 'reports'),
os.path.join('build', 'tmp'),
os.path.join('buildSrc', 'build'),
del_files(['gradlew', 'gradlew.bat'])
if 'pom.xml' in files:
if any(f in files for f in ['', '', 'build.xml']):
del_dirs(['bin', 'gen'])
if 'jni' in dirs:
if options.skipscan:
if build.scandelete:
raise BuildException("Refusing to skip source scan since scandelete is present")
# Scan before building..."Scanning source for common problems...")
scanner.options = options # pass verbose through
count = scanner.scan_source(build_dir, build)
if count > 0:
if force:
logging.warning(ngettext('Scanner found {} problem',
'Scanner found {} problems', count).format(count))
raise BuildException(ngettext(
"Can't build due to {} error while scanning",
"Can't build due to {} errors while scanning", count).format(count))
if not options.notarball:
# Build the source tarball right before we build the release..."Creating source tarball...")
tarname = common.getsrcname(app, build)
tarball =, tarname), "w:gz")
def tarexc(t):
return None if any( for s in ['.svn', '.git', '.hg', '.bzr']) else t
tarball.add(build_dir, tarname, filter=tarexc)
# Run a build command if one is required...
if"Running 'build' commands in %s" % root_dir)
cmd = common.replace_config_vars(, build)
# Substitute source library paths into commands...
for name, number, libpath in srclibpaths:
cmd = cmd.replace('$$' + name + '$$', os.path.join(os.getcwd(), libpath))
p = FDroidPopen(['bash', '-x', '-c', cmd], cwd=root_dir)
if p.returncode != 0:
raise BuildException("Error running build command for %s:%s" %
(, build.versionName), p.output)
# Build native stuff if required...
if build.buildjni and build.buildjni != ['no']:"Building the native code")
jni_components = build.buildjni
if jni_components == ['yes']:
jni_components = ['']
cmd = [os.path.join(ndk_path, "ndk-build"), "-j1"]
for d in jni_components:
if d:"Building native code in '%s'" % d)
else:"Building native code in the main project")
manifest = os.path.join(root_dir, d, 'AndroidManifest.xml')
if os.path.exists(manifest):
# Read and write the whole AM.xml to fix newlines and avoid
# the ndk r8c or later 'wordlist' errors. The outcome of this
# under gnu/linux is the same as when using tools like
# dos2unix, but the native python way is faster and will
# work in non-unix systems.
manifest_text = open(manifest, 'U').read()
open(manifest, 'w').write(manifest_text)
# In case the AM.xml read was big, free the memory
del manifest_text
p = FDroidPopen(cmd, cwd=os.path.join(root_dir, d))
if p.returncode != 0:
raise BuildException("NDK build failed for %s:%s" % (, build.versionName), p.output)
p = None
# Build the release...
if bmethod == 'maven':"Building Maven project...")
if '@' in build.maven:
maven_dir = os.path.join(root_dir, build.maven.split('@', 1)[1])
maven_dir = root_dir
mvncmd = [config['mvn3'], '-Dandroid.sdk.path=' + config['sdk_path'],
'-Dmaven.jar.sign.skip=true', '-Dmaven.test.skip=true',
'-Dandroid.sign.debug=false', '-Dandroid.release=true',
target ='-')[1]
r'<platform>%s</platform>' % target,
os.path.join(root_dir, 'pom.xml'))
if '@' in build.maven:
r'<platform>%s</platform>' % target,
os.path.join(maven_dir, 'pom.xml'))
p = FDroidPopen(mvncmd, cwd=maven_dir)
bindir = os.path.join(root_dir, 'target')
elif bmethod == 'buildozer':"Building Kivy project using buildozer...")
# parse buildozer.spez
spec = os.path.join(root_dir, 'buildozer.spec')
if not os.path.exists(spec):
raise BuildException("Expected to find buildozer-compatible spec at {0}"
defaults = {'orientation': 'landscape', 'icon': '',
'permissions': '', 'android.api': "19"}
bconfig = ConfigParser(defaults, allow_no_value=True)
# update spec with sdk and ndk locations to prevent buildozer from
# downloading.
loc_ndk = common.env['ANDROID_NDK']
loc_sdk = common.env['ANDROID_SDK']
if loc_ndk == '$ANDROID_NDK':
loc_ndk = loc_sdk + '/ndk-bundle'
bc_ndk = None
bc_sdk = None
bc_ndk = bconfig.get('app', 'android.sdk_path')
except Exception:
bc_sdk = bconfig.get('app', 'android.ndk_path')
except Exception:
if bc_sdk is None:
bconfig.set('app', 'android.sdk_path', loc_sdk)
if bc_ndk is None:
bconfig.set('app', 'android.ndk_path', loc_ndk)
fspec = open(spec, 'w')
fspec.close()"sdk_path = %s" % loc_sdk)"ndk_path = %s" % loc_ndk)
p = None
# execute buildozer
cmd = ['buildozer', 'android', 'release']
p = FDroidPopen(cmd, cwd=root_dir)
except Exception:
# buidozer not installed ? clone repo and run
if (p is None or p.returncode != 0):
cmd = ['git', 'clone', '']
p = subprocess.Popen(cmd, cwd=root_dir, shell=False)
if p.returncode != 0:
raise BuildException("Distribute build failed")
cmd = ['python', 'buildozer/buildozer/scripts/', 'android', 'release']
p = FDroidPopen(cmd, cwd=root_dir)
# expected to fail.
# Signing will fail if not set by environnment vars (cf. p4a docs).
# But the unsigned apk will be ok.
p.returncode = 0
elif bmethod == 'gradle':"Building Gradle project...")
cmd = [config['gradle']]
if build.gradleprops:
cmd += ['-P' + kv for kv in build.gradleprops]
cmd += gradletasks
p = FDroidPopen(cmd, cwd=root_dir, envs={"GRADLE_VERSION_DIR": config['gradle_version_dir'], "CACHEDIR": config['cachedir']})
elif bmethod == 'ant':"Building Ant project...")
cmd = ['ant']
if build.antcommands:
cmd += build.antcommands
cmd += ['release']
p = FDroidPopen(cmd, cwd=root_dir)
bindir = os.path.join(root_dir, 'bin')
if p is not None and p.returncode != 0:
raise BuildException("Build failed for %s:%s" % (, build.versionName), p.output)"Successfully built version " + build.versionName + ' of ' +
omethod = build.output_method()
if omethod == 'maven':
stdout_apk = '\n'.join([
line for line in p.output.splitlines() if any(
a in line for a in ('.apk', '.ap_', '.jar'))])
m = re.match(r".*^\[INFO\] .*apkbuilder.*/([^/]*)\.apk",
stdout_apk, re.S | re.M)
if not m:
m = re.match(r".*^\[INFO\] Creating additional unsigned apk file .*/([^/]+)\.apk[^l]",
stdout_apk, re.S | re.M)
if not m:
m = re.match(r'.*^\[INFO\] [^$]*aapt \[package,[^$]*' + bindir + r'/([^/]+)\.ap[_k][,\]]',
stdout_apk, re.S | re.M)
if not m:
m = re.match(r".*^\[INFO\] Building jar: .*/" + bindir + r"/(.+)\.jar",
stdout_apk, re.S | re.M)
if not m:
raise BuildException('Failed to find output')
src =
src = os.path.join(bindir, src) + '.apk'
elif omethod == 'buildozer':
src = None
for apks_dir in [
os.path.join(root_dir, '.buildozer', 'android', 'platform', 'build', 'dists', bconfig.get('app', 'title'), 'bin'),
for apkglob in ['*-release-unsigned.apk', '*-unsigned.apk', '*.apk']:
apks = glob.glob(os.path.join(apks_dir, apkglob))
if len(apks) > 1:
raise BuildException('More than one resulting apks found in %s' % apks_dir,
if len(apks) == 1:
src = apks[0]
if src is not None:
if src is None:
raise BuildException('Failed to find any output apks')
elif omethod == 'gradle':
src = None
apk_dirs = [
# gradle plugin >= 3.0
os.path.join(root_dir, 'build', 'outputs', 'apk', 'release'),
# gradle plugin < 3.0 and >= 0.11
os.path.join(root_dir, 'build', 'outputs', 'apk'),
# really old path
os.path.join(root_dir, 'build', 'apk'),
# If we build with gradle flavours with gradle plugin >= 3.0 the apk will be in
# a subdirectory corresponding to the flavour command used, but with different
# capitalization.
if flavours_cmd:
apk_dirs.append(os.path.join(root_dir, 'build', 'outputs', 'apk', transform_first_char(flavours_cmd, str.lower), 'release'))
for apks_dir in apk_dirs:
for apkglob in ['*-release-unsigned.apk', '*-unsigned.apk', '*.apk']:
apks = glob.glob(os.path.join(apks_dir, apkglob))
if len(apks) > 1:
raise BuildException('More than one resulting apks found in %s' % apks_dir,
if len(apks) == 1:
src = apks[0]
if src is not None:
if src is None:
raise BuildException('Failed to find any output apks')
elif omethod == 'ant':
stdout_apk = '\n'.join([
line for line in p.output.splitlines() if '.apk' in line])
src = re.match(r".*^.*Creating (.+) for release.*$.*", stdout_apk,
re.S | re.M).group(1)
src = os.path.join(bindir, src)
elif omethod == 'raw':
output_path = common.replace_build_vars(build.output, build)
globpath = os.path.join(root_dir, output_path)
apks = glob.glob(globpath)
if len(apks) > 1:
raise BuildException('Multiple apks match %s' % globpath, '\n'.join(apks))
if len(apks) < 1:
raise BuildException('No apks match %s' % globpath)
src = os.path.normpath(apks[0])
# Make sure it's not debuggable...
if common.is_apk_and_debuggable(src):
raise BuildException("APK is debuggable")
# By way of a sanity check, make sure the version and version
# code in our new apk match what we expect...
logging.debug("Checking " + src)
if not os.path.exists(src):
raise BuildException("Unsigned apk is not at expected location of " + src)
if common.get_file_extension(src) == 'apk':
vercode, version = get_metadata_from_apk(app, build, src)
if version != build.versionName or vercode != build.versionCode:
raise BuildException(("Unexpected version/version code in output;"
" APK: '%s' / '%s', "
" Expected: '%s' / '%s'")
% (version, str(vercode), build.versionName,
if (options.scan_binary or config.get('scan_binary')) and not options.skipscan:
if scanner.scan_binary(src):
raise BuildException("Found blacklisted packages in final apk!")
# Copy the unsigned apk to our destination directory for further
# processing (by
dest = os.path.join(output_dir, common.get_release_filename(app, build))
shutil.copyfile(src, dest)
# Move the source tarball into the output directory...
if output_dir != tmp_dir and not options.notarball:
shutil.move(os.path.join(tmp_dir, tarname),
os.path.join(output_dir, tarname))
def trybuild(app, build, build_dir, output_dir, log_dir, also_check_dir,
srclib_dir, extlib_dir, tmp_dir, repo_dir, vcs, test,
server, force, onserver, refresh):
Build a particular version of an application, if it needs building.
:param output_dir: The directory where the build output will go. Usually
this is the 'unsigned' directory.
:param repo_dir: The repo directory - used for checking if the build is
:param also_check_dir: An additional location for checking if the build
is necessary (usually the archive repo)
:param test: True if building in test mode, in which case the build will
always happen, even if the output already exists. In test mode, the
output directory should be a temporary location, not any of the real
:returns: True if the build was done, False if it wasn't necessary.
dest_file = common.get_release_filename(app, build)
dest = os.path.join(output_dir, dest_file)
dest_repo = os.path.join(repo_dir, dest_file)
if not test:
if os.path.exists(dest) or os.path.exists(dest_repo):
return False
if also_check_dir:
dest_also = os.path.join(also_check_dir, dest_file)
if os.path.exists(dest_also):
return False
if build.disable and not options.force:
return False"Building version %s (%s) of %s" % (
build.versionName, build.versionCode,
if server:
# When using server mode, still keep a local cache of the repo, by
# grabbing the source now.
vcs.gotorevision(build.commit, refresh)
build_server(app, build, vcs, build_dir, output_dir, log_dir, force)
build_local(app, build, vcs, build_dir, output_dir, log_dir, srclib_dir, extlib_dir, tmp_dir, force, onserver, refresh)
return True
def force_halt_build(timeout):
"""Halt the currently running Vagrant VM, to be called from a Timer"""
logging.error(_('Force halting build after {0} sec timeout!').format(timeout))
vm = vmtools.get_build_vm('builder')
def parse_commandline():
"""Parse the command line. Returns options, parser."""
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(usage="%(prog)s [options] [APPID[:VERCODE] [APPID[:VERCODE] ...]]")
parser.add_argument("appid", nargs='*', help=_("applicationId with optional versionCode in the form APPID[:VERCODE]"))
parser.add_argument("-l", "--latest", action="store_true", default=False,
help=_("Build only the latest version of each package"))
parser.add_argument("-s", "--stop", action="store_true", default=False,
help=_("Make the build stop on exceptions"))
parser.add_argument("-t", "--test", action="store_true", default=False,
help=_("Test mode - put output in the tmp directory only, and always build, even if the output already exists."))
parser.add_argument("--server", action="store_true", default=False,
help=_("Use build server"))
parser.add_argument("--reset-server", action="store_true", default=False,
help=_("Reset and create a brand new build server, even if the existing one appears to be ok."))
# this option is internal API for telling fdroid that
# it's running inside a buildserver vm.
parser.add_argument("--on-server", dest="onserver", action="store_true", default=False,
parser.add_argument("--skip-scan", dest="skipscan", action="store_true", default=False,
help=_("Skip scanning the source code for binaries and other problems"))
parser.add_argument("--scan-binary", action="store_true", default=False,
help=_("Scan the resulting APK(s) for known non-free classes."))
parser.add_argument("--no-tarball", dest="notarball", action="store_true", default=False,
help=_("Don't create a source tarball, useful when testing a build"))
parser.add_argument("--no-refresh", dest="refresh", action="store_false", default=True,
help=_("Don't refresh the repository, useful when testing a build with no internet connection"))
parser.add_argument("-f", "--force", action="store_true", default=False,
help=_("Force build of disabled apps, and carries on regardless of scan problems. Only allowed in test mode."))
parser.add_argument("-a", "--all", action="store_true", default=False,
help=_("Build all applications available"))
parser.add_argument("-w", "--wiki", default=False, action="store_true",
help=_("Update the wiki"))
options = parser.parse_args()
metadata.warnings_action = options.W
# Force --stop with --on-server to get correct exit code
if options.onserver:
options.stop = True
if options.force and not options.test:
parser.error("option %s: Force is only allowed in test mode" % "force")
return options, parser
options = None
config = None
buildserverid = None
fdroidserverid = None
start_timestamp = time.gmtime()
status_output = None
timeout_event = threading.Event()
def main():
global options, config, buildserverid, fdroidserverid
options, parser = parse_commandline()
# The defaults for .fdroid.* metadata that is included in a git repo are
# different than for the standard metadata/ layout because expectations
# are different. In this case, the most common user will be the app
# developer working on the latest update of the app on their own machine.
local_metadata_files = common.get_local_metadata_files()
if len(local_metadata_files) == 1: # there is local metadata in an app's source
config = dict(common.default_config)
# `fdroid build` should build only the latest version by default since
# most of the time the user will be building the most recent update
if not options.all:
options.latest = True
elif len(local_metadata_files) > 1:
raise FDroidException("Only one local metadata file allowed! Found: "
+ " ".join(local_metadata_files))
if not os.path.isdir('metadata') and len(local_metadata_files) == 0:
raise FDroidException("No app metadata found, nothing to process!")
if not options.appid and not options.all:
parser.error("option %s: If you really want to build all the apps, use --all" % "all")
config = common.read_config(options)
if config['build_server_always']:
options.server = True
if options.reset_server and not options.server:
parser.error("option %s: Using --reset-server without --server makes no sense" % "reset-server")
if options.onserver or not options.server:
for d in ['build-tools', 'platform-tools', 'tools']:
if not os.path.isdir(os.path.join(config['sdk_path'], d)):
raise FDroidException(_("Android SDK '{path}' does not have '{dirname}' installed!")
.format(path=config['sdk_path'], dirname=d))
log_dir = 'logs'
if not os.path.isdir(log_dir):"Creating log directory")
tmp_dir = 'tmp'
if not os.path.isdir(tmp_dir):"Creating temporary directory")
if options.test:
output_dir = tmp_dir
output_dir = 'unsigned'
if not os.path.isdir(output_dir):"Creating output directory")
binaries_dir = os.path.join(output_dir, 'binaries')
if config['archive_older'] != 0:
also_check_dir = 'archive'
also_check_dir = None
if options.onserver:
status_output = dict() # HACK dummy placeholder
status_output = common.setup_status_output(start_timestamp)
repo_dir = 'repo'
build_dir = 'build'
if not os.path.isdir(build_dir):"Creating build directory")
srclib_dir = os.path.join(build_dir, 'srclib')
extlib_dir = os.path.join(build_dir, 'extlib')
# Read all app and srclib metadata
pkgs = common.read_pkg_args(options.appid, True)
allapps = metadata.read_metadata(not options.onserver, pkgs, options.refresh, sort_by_time=True)
apps = common.read_app_args(options.appid, allapps, True)
for appid, app in list(apps.items()):
if (app.Disabled and not options.force) or not app.RepoType or not app.builds:
del apps[appid]
if not apps:
raise FDroidException("No apps to process.")
# make sure enough open files are allowed to process everything
soft, hard = resource.getrlimit(resource.RLIMIT_NOFILE)
if len(apps) > soft:
soft = len(apps) * 2
if soft > hard:
soft = hard
resource.setrlimit(resource.RLIMIT_NOFILE, (soft, hard))
logging.debug(_('Set open file limit to {integer}')
except (OSError, ValueError) as e:
logging.warning(_('Setting open file limit failed: ') + str(e))
if options.latest:
for app in apps.values():
for build in reversed(app.builds):
if build.disable and not options.force:
app.builds = [build]
import mwclient
site = mwclient.Site((config['wiki_protocol'], config['wiki_server']),
site.login(config['wiki_user'], config['wiki_password'])
# Build applications...
failed_builds = []
build_succeeded = []
status_output['failedBuilds'] = failed_builds
status_output['successfulBuilds'] = build_succeeded
# Only build for 36 hours, then stop gracefully.
endtime = time.time() + 36 * 60 * 60
max_build_time_reached = False
for appid, app in apps.items():
first = True
for build in app.builds:
if time.time() > endtime:
max_build_time_reached = True
# Enable watchdog timer (2 hours by default).
if build.timeout is None:
timeout = 7200
timeout = int(build.timeout)
if options.server and timeout > 0:
logging.debug(_('Setting {0} sec timeout for this build').format(timeout))
timer = threading.Timer(timeout, force_halt_build, [timeout])
timer = None
wikilog = None
build_starttime = common.get_wiki_timestamp()
tools_version_log = ''
if not options.onserver:
tools_version_log = common.get_android_tools_version_log(build.ndk_path())
# For the first build of a particular app, we need to set up
# the source repo. We can reuse it on subsequent builds, if
# there are any.
if first:
vcs, build_dir = common.setup_vcs(app)
first = False"Using %s" % vcs.clientversion())
logging.debug("Checking " + build.versionName)
if trybuild(app, build, build_dir, output_dir, log_dir,
also_check_dir, srclib_dir, extlib_dir,
tmp_dir, repo_dir, vcs, options.test,
options.server, options.force,
options.onserver, options.refresh):
toolslog = os.path.join(log_dir,
common.get_toolsversion_logname(app, build))
if not options.onserver and os.path.exists(toolslog):
with open(toolslog, 'r') as f:
tools_version_log = ''.join(f.readlines())
if app.Binaries is not None:
# This is an app where we build from source, and
# verify the apk contents against a developer's
# binary. We get that binary now, and save it
# alongside our built one in the 'unsigend'
# directory.
if not os.path.isdir(binaries_dir):
os.makedirs(binaries_dir)"Created directory for storing "
"developer supplied reference "
"binaries: '{path}'"
url = app.Binaries
url = url.replace('%v', build.versionName)
url = url.replace('%c', str(build.versionCode))"...retrieving " + url)
of = re.sub(r'.apk$', '.binary.apk', common.get_release_filename(app, build))
of = os.path.join(binaries_dir, of)
net.download_file(url, local_filename=of)
except requests.exceptions.HTTPError as e:
raise FDroidException(
'Downloading Binaries from %s failed.' % url) from e
# Now we check whether the build can be verified to
# match the supplied binary or not. Should the
# comparison fail, we mark this build as a failure
# and remove everything from the unsigend folder.
with tempfile.TemporaryDirectory() as tmpdir:
unsigned_apk = \
common.get_release_filename(app, build)
unsigned_apk = \
os.path.join(output_dir, unsigned_apk)
compare_result = \
common.verify_apks(of, unsigned_apk, tmpdir)
if compare_result:
logging.debug('removing %s', unsigned_apk)
logging.debug('removing %s', of)
compare_result = compare_result.split('\n')
line_count = len(compare_result)
compare_result = compare_result[:299]
if line_count > len(compare_result):
line_difference = \
line_count - len(compare_result)
compare_result.append('%d more lines ...' %
compare_result = '\n'.join(compare_result)
raise FDroidException('compared built binary '
'to supplied reference '
'binary but failed',
else:'compared built binary to '
'supplied reference binary '
wikilog = "Build succeeded"
except VCSException as vcse:
reason = str(vcse).split('\n', 1)[0] if options.verbose else str(vcse)
logging.error("VCS error while building app %s: %s" % (
appid, reason))
if options.stop:
logging.debug("Error encoutered, stopping by user request.")
add_failed_builds_entry(failed_builds, appid, build, vcse)
wikilog = str(vcse)
except FDroidException as e:
with open(os.path.join(log_dir, appid + '.log'), 'a+') as f:
f.write('versionCode: %s\nversionName: %s\ncommit: %s\n' %
(build.versionCode, build.versionName, build.commit))
f.write('Build completed at '
+ common.get_wiki_timestamp() + '\n')
f.write('\n' + tools_version_log + '\n')
logging.error("Could not build app %s: %s" % (appid, e))
if options.stop:
logging.debug("Error encoutered, stopping by user request.")
add_failed_builds_entry(failed_builds, appid, build, e)
wikilog = e.get_wikitext()
except Exception as e:
logging.error("Could not build app %s due to unknown error: %s" % (
appid, traceback.format_exc()))
if options.stop:
logging.debug("Error encoutered, stopping by user request.")
add_failed_builds_entry(failed_builds, appid, build, e)
wikilog = str(e)
if and wikilog:
# Write a page with the last build log for this version code
lastbuildpage = appid + '/lastbuild_' + build.versionCode
newpage = site.Pages[lastbuildpage]
with open(os.path.join('tmp', 'fdroidserverid')) as fp:
fdroidserverid =
txt = "* build session started at " + common.get_wiki_timestamp(start_timestamp) + '\n' \
+ "* this build started at " + build_starttime + '\n' \
+ "* this build completed at " + common.get_wiki_timestamp() + '\n' \
+ common.get_git_describe_link() \
+ '* fdroidserverid: [' \
+ fdroidserverid + ' ' + fdroidserverid + ']\n\n'
if buildserverid:
txt += '* buildserverid: [' \
+ buildserverid + ' ' + buildserverid + ']\n\n'
txt += tools_version_log + '\n\n'
txt += '== Build Log ==\n\n' + wikilog, summary='Build log')
# Redirect from /lastbuild to the most recent build log
newpage = site.Pages[appid + '/lastbuild']'#REDIRECT [[' + lastbuildpage + ']]', summary='Update redirect')
except Exception as e:
logging.error("Error while attempting to publish build log: %s" % e)
if timer:
timer.cancel() # kill the watchdog timer
if max_build_time_reached:
status_output['maxBuildTimeReached'] = True"Stopping after global build timeout...")
for app in build_succeeded:"success: %s" % (
if not options.verbose:
for fb in failed_builds:'Build for app {}:{} failed:\n{}'.format(*fb))"Finished"))
if len(build_succeeded) > 0:"{} build succeeded",
"{} builds succeeded", len(build_succeeded)).format(len(build_succeeded)))
if len(failed_builds) > 0:"{} build failed",
"{} builds failed", len(failed_builds)).format(len(failed_builds)))
wiki_page_path = 'build_' + time.strftime('%s', start_timestamp)
newpage = site.Pages[wiki_page_path]
txt = ''
txt += "* command line: <code>%s</code>\n" % ' '.join(sys.argv)
txt += "* started at %s\n" % common.get_wiki_timestamp(start_timestamp)
txt += "* completed at %s\n" % common.get_wiki_timestamp()
if buildserverid:
txt += ('* buildserverid: [{id} {id}]\n'
if fdroidserverid:
txt += ('* fdroidserverid: [{id} {id}]\n'
if os.cpu_count():
txt += "* host processors: %d\n" % os.cpu_count()
if os.path.isfile('/proc/meminfo') and os.access('/proc/meminfo', os.R_OK):
with open('/proc/meminfo') as fp:
for line in fp:
m ='MemTotal:\s*([0-9].*)', line)
if m:
txt += "* host RAM: %s\n" %
fdroid_path = os.path.realpath(os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__), '..'))
buildserver_config = os.path.join(fdroid_path, '')
if os.path.isfile(buildserver_config) and os.access(buildserver_config, os.R_OK):
with open(buildserver_config) as configfile:
for line in configfile:
m ='cpus\s*=\s*([0-9].*)', line)
if m:
txt += "* guest processors: %s\n" %
m ='memory\s*=\s*([0-9].*)', line)
if m:
txt += "* guest RAM: %s MB\n" %
txt += "* successful builds: %d\n" % len(build_succeeded)
txt += "* failed builds: %d\n" % len(failed_builds)
txt += "\n\n", summary='Run log')
newpage = site.Pages['build']'#REDIRECT [[' + wiki_page_path + ']]', summary='Update redirect')
if not options.onserver:
# hack to ensure this exits, even is some threads are still running
if __name__ == "__main__":