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README.md

Ansluta-Remote-Controller

IKEA Ansluta 2.4Ghz remote controller

##Intro

The Ansluta (OMLOPP) line of Ikea lamps only let u use one remote controller for each light.
I wanted to use multiple remotes to control one string of lights.

Another caveat of the original remotes is that it can only cycle through the different brightness levels. It cycles though: 0% - 50% - 100% - 50% - 0% - ....
I would like to turn it on to 50% brightness and turn it off without cycling to 100%.

alt text

This project is based around an CC2500 2.4Ghz wireless controller and an Atmega328 (ex Arduino Nano).

The choice for the CC2500 was easy because the original Ansluta Remote uses this IC, so it's definately possible to use this for controlling the lamp.

Some code is loosely based on:
https://github.com/Zohan/ArduinoCC2500Demo

Article Number Remote: 802.883.28
Article Number Transformer: 803.007.64 / 103.201.81

##Reverse Engineering

###Sniffing SPI
I had a look inside an orginal Ansluta remote, it uses an texas instrument uC (MSP430G2221) and an CC2500.
The CC2500 communicates over an SPI bus to the uC. So I've connected a "Bus Pirate" to the SPI bus of the uC and sniffed the commands and data packets to the wireless chip.

alt text

The settings for the bus pirate were (SPI sniffer utility):
Clock Edge= 0, Polarity= 1 RawData= 0

The sniffed data is in the file: "SPI_DATA.txt"

###Decoding SPI

####Button press
Every time the button is pressed a sequence is repeated 50 times: 2 data strobes are sent followed by a burst of data followed by a final strobe.

Together with the datasheet we can decode the data:

//Strobe 1:
5B 5B 5C 5C 36 36 0F 0F 5D 5D 	//0x36 SIDLE Exit RX/TX, turn off frequency synthesizer and exit Wake-On-Radio mode if applicable

//Strobe 2:
5B 5B 5C 5C 3B 3B 0F 0F 5D 5D 	//0x3B SFTX Flush the TX FIFO buffer. Only issue SFTX in IDLE or TXFIFO_UNDERFLOW states.

//Burst of data:
5B 5B 5C 5C 7F 7F 0F 0F 5C 5C 	//0x7F Burst access to TX FIFO
06 06 0F 0F 5C 5C 
55 55 0F 0F 5C 5C 
01 01 0F 0F 5C 5C 
3E 3E 0F 0F 5C 5C               //Address byte 1
94 94 0F 0F 5C 5C               //Address byte 2
02 02 0F 0F 5C 5C               //Indicates the light intensity 01=OFF; 02=50%; 03=100%
AA AA 0F 0F 5C 5C 
FF FF 0F 0F 5D 5D 

//Final strobe:
5B 5B 5C 5C 35 35 0F 0F 5D 5D 	//0x35 STX In IDLE state: Enable TX. 

So the module is awakened from sleep mode, the send buffer is cleared, data is loaded into the buffer and finaly the data is transmitted. This is repeated 50 times presumable to ensure that the data is received at least one time.

Clearly some data is missing (configuration of the CC2500).

####Initializing Data
When the battery's are inserted in the remote some initializing data is sent to the CC2500 (without pressing a button).
Indicating that the module is powered on continuously and a power-down method is used for preserving the battery's.

SPI Data                                            Register        Value

5B [5C 30 0x30(0F 0x0F)5D ]
5B [5C 00 0x00(0F 0x0F)5C 29 0x29(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	IOCFG2           0x29
5B [5C 02 0x02(0F 0x0F)5C 06 0x06(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	IOCFG0           0x06
5B [5C 06 0x06(0F 0x0F)5C FF 0xFF(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	PKTLEN           0xFF
5B [5C 07 0x07(0F 0x0F)5C 04 0x04(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	PKTCTRL1         0x04
5B [5C 08 0x08(0F 0x0F)5C 05 0x05(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	PKTCTRL0         0x05
5B [5C 09 0x09(0F 0x0F)5C 01 0x01(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	ADDR             0x01
5B [5C 0A 0x0A(0F 0x0F)5C 10 0x10(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	CHANNR           0x10
5B [5C 0B 0x0B(0F 0x0F)5C 09 0x09(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	FSCTRL1          0x09
5B [5C 0C 0x0C(0F 0x0F)5C 00 0x00(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	FSCTRL0          0x00
5B [5C 0D 0x0D(0F 0x0F)5C 5D 0x5D(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	FREQ2            0x5D
5B [5C 0E 0x0E(0F 0x0F)5C 93 0x93(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	FREQ1            0x93
5B [5C 0F 0x0F(0F 0x0F)5C B1 0xB1(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	FREQ0            0xB1
5B [5C 10 0x10(0F 0x0F)5C 2D 0x2D(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	MDMCFG4          0x2D
5B [5C 11 0x11(0F 0x0F)5C 3B 0x3B(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	MDMCFG3          0x3B
5B [5C 12 0x12(0F 0x0F)5C 73 0x73(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	MDMCFG2          0x73  
5B [5C 13 0x13(0F 0x0F)5C A2 0xA2(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	MDMCFG1          0xA2
5B [5C 14 0x14(0F 0x0F)5C F8 0xF8(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	MDMCFG0          0xF8
5B [5C 15 0x15(0F 0x0F)5C 01 0x01(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	DEVIATN          0x01
5B [5C 16 0x16(0F 0x0F)5C 07 0x07(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	MCSM2            0x07
5B [5C 17 0x17(0F 0x0F)5C 30 0x30(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	MCSM1            0x30
5B [5C 18 0x18(0F 0x0F)5C 18 0x18(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	MCSM0            0x18
5B [5C 19 0x19(0F 0x0F)5C 1D 0x1D(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	FOCCFG           0x1D
5B [5C 1A 0x1A(0F 0x0F)5C 1C 0x1C(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	BSCFG            0x1C
5B [5C 1B 0x1B(0F 0x0F)5C C7 0xC7(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	AGCCTRL2         0xC7
5B [5C 1C 0x1C(0F 0x0F)5C 00 0x00(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	AGCCTRL1         0x00
5B [5C 1D 0x1D(0F 0x0F)5C B2 0xB2(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	AGCCTRL0         0xB2
5B [5C 1E 0x1E(0F 0x0F)5C 87 0x87(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	WOREVT1          0x87
5B [5C 1F 0x1F(0F 0x0F)5C 6B 0x6B(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	WOREVT0          0x6B
5B [5C 20 0x20(0F 0x0F)5C F8 0xF8(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	WORCTRL          0xF8
5B [5C 21 0x21(0F 0x0F)5C B6 0xB6(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	FREND1           0xB6
5B [5C 22 0x22(0F 0x0F)5C 10 0x10(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	FREND0           0x10
5B [5C 23 0x23(0F 0x0F)5C EA 0xEA(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	FSCAL3           0xEA
5B [5C 24 0x24(0F 0x0F)5C 0A 0x0A(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	FSCAL2           0x0A
5B [5C 25 0x25(0F 0x0F)5C 00 0x00(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	FSCAL1           0x00
5B [5C 26 0x26(0F 0x0F)5C 11 0x11(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	FSCAL0           0x11
5B [5C 27 0x27(0F 0x0F)5C 41 0x41(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	RCCTRL1          0x41
5B [5C 28 0x28(0F 0x0F)5C 00 0x00(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	RCCTRL0          0x00
5B [5C 29 0x29(0F 0x0F)5C 59 0x59(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	FSTEST           0x59
5B [5C 2C 0x2C(0F 0x0F)5C 88 0x88(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	TEST2            0x88
5B [5C 2D 0x2D(0F 0x0F)5C 31 0x31(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	TEST1            0x31
5B [5C 2E 0x2E(0F 0x0F)5C 0B 0x0B(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	TEST0            0x0B
5B [5C 7E 0x7E(0F 0x0F)5C FF 0xFF(0F 0x0F)5D ]	//	?????            0xFF  -> unknown register 
5B [5C 39 0x39(0F 0x0F)5D ]		

####Pairing remote and transformer
When the button on the receiver is pressed (transformer) and the button on the transmitter is pushed (and held down) the receiver learns the address of the remote. The sniffed data can be found HERE.

//Strobe 1:
5B 5B 5C 5C 36 36 0F 0F 5D 5D 	//0x36 SIDLE Exit RX/TX, turn off frequency synthesizer and exit Wake-On-Radio mode if applicable

//Strobe 2:
5B 5B 5C 5C 3B 3B 0F 0F 5D 5D 	//0x3B SFTX Flush the TX FIFO buffer. Only issue SFTX in IDLE or TXFIFO_UNDERFLOW states.

//Burst of data:
5B 5B 5C 5C 7F 7F 0F 0F 5C 5C 	//0x7F Burst access to TX FIFO
06 06 0F 0F 5C 5C 
55 55 0F 0F 5C 5C 
01 01 0F 0F 5C 5C 
3E 3E 0F 0F 5C 5C               //Address byte 1
94 94 0F 0F 5C 5C               //Address byte 2
FF FF 0F 0F 5C 5C               //Indicates the pairing sequence
AA AA 0F 0F 5C 5C 
FF FF 0F 0F 5D 5D 

//Final strobe:
5B 5B 5C 5C 35 35 0F 0F 5D 5D 	//0x35 STX In IDLE state: Enable TX. 

The sniffed SPI data shows first a standard button press (because the button is pressed) and afterwards the same sequence with only one byte changed. The byte that dictates the status of the light (Off - 50% - 100%) is replaced by 0xFF.
Just like a standard button press the sequence is repeated 50 times.

We can also conclude that the remote never receives any data and dependig of the button presses always sends the same data.

###Prototype Hardware

The CC2500 is readily available as module on ebay with integrated antenna and capacitors so no RF design is needed. Only an SPI connection and power supply is needed. I chose a cheap ebay module with a real CC2500 IC (no glob top).

alt text

To communicate with the wireless module by SPI, I used an arduino nano because I had it laying around.
For connecting the nano to the CC2500 we have to be carefull with the different voltages. The CC2500 is 3V and the nano is 5V.
An easy (dirty) way to connect them is using a resistor (about 1K) in series with the data lines comming for the arduino (MOSI, CLK, CS). The data line comming from the CC2500 (MISO) doesn't need a resistor (a high level from CC2500 is 3V and the nano's input detects it as a high level without modifications).
The lineair voltage regulator (3.3V) on the nano is used as power source for the wireless module.

alt text

###Prototype Code
Now we have the necessary SPI data we and hardware we can write some basic code for the nano.
The resulting code can be found HERE.
The configuration of the module is mostly the same as the original IKEA remote except the output power is changed to the maximal TX power by setting the first byte of the PATABLE with 0xFF.
The IDLE mode isn't used because after we configure the module we immediately send the data.

The SPI settings (found by looking at the graph in the datasheet "Configuration Register Write and Read Operations") are:

  • SPI Mode 0
  • MSB First
  • Max speed: 6Mhz (no need to use extra delays)

The prototype code has been updated (see changelog.txt).

Demo code flow:

  • First it initializes the CC2500
  • Tries to listen to another (original remote) and extract the address.
  • Sends the command to turn the light on 50%
  • Sends the command to turn the light on 100%
  • Sends the command to turn the light off
  • Sends the command to pair the remote and the receiver

The standard address is 0x01 0x01, this can be changed in the code.

Now that the prototype works it's time to make a couple of remotes to control the light.

##Designing a PCB
###PCB design goals

  • A seperate button for each light intensity (so no need to cycle through every intensity).
  • No low power modes (if possible) only battery usage when a button is pressed.
  • Small outline < 50mmx50mm
  • Thin PCB design so no high components.
  • (Temporary) Connection for ICSP.

###Design choises

  • I could use 2 buttons, one for 50% On and one for 100% on. Then the first press turns the light on and the second press turn the light off. With this configuration it's necessary to save the state of the light. This could be done in RAM but then continuous power is needed. This could be done in EEPROM but this doesn't have a lot of write cycles. So I've chosen to use 3 seperate buttons (On 50%, On 100%, OFF).

  • For the height constraint I didn't want to use elco's so I've used tantalium capacitors for buffering the power rails.

  • As battery I've chosen the CR2032 coin battery. To save space I left an opening in the PCB.

  • When pushing a button power is supplied to the capacitors and the atmega through a diode. At the same time a digital port is pulled high so the atmega knows which button is pushed. I hope the capacitors can store enough energy to send the data to the lights. The atmega can be powered on al the time by soldering a jumperpad.

  • The xtal is 4Mhz so the uC would work with voltages as low as 1.8V

  • For the ICSP I drew a edge connector with a standard pinout.

  • The CC2500 antenna sticks out of the PCB because the PCB would shield the signal.

###The PCB

DISCLAIMER: The designed PCB is UNTESTED, I'm waiting for the board house to test the PCB's.

alt text
alt text
...
Comming soon

##Different addresses
Comming soon